2000 Luther L. Terry Award Winners
The 2000 Luther L. Terry awards were presented in four categories: Outstanding Individual Leadership, Outstanding Leadership by a Government Ministry, Distinguished Career, and Outstanding Organization. These awards recognize outstanding worldwide achievement in the field of tobacco control and were presented during a special ceremony Chicago, United States, as part of the 11th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health.
Below are the 2000 Luther L. Terry award winners.
Outstanding Individual Leadership
Judith Mackay, MBChB (Hong Kong), is the Director of the Asian Consultancy on Tobacco Control and Senior Policy Advisor to the World Health Organization’s Tobacco Free Initiative. Formerly she was Director of the Hong Kong Council on Smoking and Health. She is based in Hong Kong, China. Active in tobacco control for over 25 years, Dr. Mackay is renowned for her innovative, multifaceted, strategic, and tireless tobacco control efforts. She has collaborated with nations and associations in developing staunch tobacco control policies in over a dozen Asian countries. Her approach to tobacco control is tenacious yet diplomatic. She demonstrates how one can stand on principle, yet maneuver successfully through highly politicized and bureaucratized territory. Perhaps her greatest accomplishment was in 1998 when she convinced incoming Director General of the WHO, Gro Harlem Brundtland, to focus on tobacco as a cabinet level project during her tenure. A gifted speaker and an accomplished leader in tobacco control, Dr. Mackay has inspired countless health and policy leaders with her words, deeds, and presence.
Prakit Vateesatokit, MD (Thailand) is a professor and former dean of the Faculty of Medicine at Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University in Thailand. He is also the Executive Secretary of the Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) Foundation, a senior advisor to the Thai Health Promotion Foundation (ThaiHealth), and a member of the National Committee for the Control of Tobacco Use (NCCTU), Ministry of Public Health As a leading tobacco control advocate in Thailand, Prof. Vateesatokit has made many significant contributions to the campaign to protect the people of Thailand from tobacco. Since 1976 he has been an untiring spokesperson for tobacco control. His defining moment in tobacco work, and perhaps that of the entire region, occurred in 1989 with the "301 Trade Dispute" when the US trade representative tried to force Thailand to allow the importation of foreign made cigarettes. Prakit made Thailand's case that cigarettes would be detrimental to his country's health and economic well-being. To accomplish this he had to master complex political and legal issues, while remaining focused on vital public health implications of the effort. Thanks to Dr. Vateesatokit and the impact of his colleagues, Thais now enjoy a tobacco advertising ban, import taxes, ingredient disclosures, and strong health warnings.
Outstanding Leadership by a Government Ministry
Ministry of Health, South Africa, as with all major branches of South African government, is based in Pretoria, South Africa. The ministry is currently headed by Dr. M. Tshabalala-Msimang, who has led the branch since 1999. Dr. M. Tshabalala-Msimang is the third in a series of ministers in support of tobacco control. South Africa has many urgent health problems, including HIV/AIDS, infant mortality, malaria, and tuberculosis, but it has not neglected disease prevention through tobacco control. This is despite the presence of a powerful tobacco industry and a tobacco agricultural environment. Successive ministers enacted laws and worked with the community to provide these tools: strong health warnings on packs, high tobacco excise taxes (a five-year jump of 470%), and an effective counter-advertising program. The fruits of the ministry's campaign have been made apparent; between 1991 and 1998 sales have declined by 30% – the first sustained decline in four decades. Recent sponsorship laws are expected to reduce smoking rates even further. The Health Ministry of South Africa serves as a proven model for other low-income countries by showing what a determined and committed government can achieve for its people.
Distinguished Career Award
Kjell Bjartveit, MD, PhD, MPH (Norway) is the former President of the Norwegian Health Association, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD), and the International Non Government Coalition Against Tobacco (INGCAT). He is also the former Director of The National Health Screening Service (Norway) and former Chair of the Norwegian Council on Tobacco and Health. He is based in Oslo, Norway. Dr. Bjartveit is the grandfather of the tobacco control movement in his native Norway and, perhaps by extension, in many parts of Europe. He has been laboring against smoking since the mid-1960s, first in the government sector and now the NGO arena. In 1964, as part of the public health directorate, he wrote a groundbreaking paper on the rampant tobacco problem in his country. Following a debate in the parliament, Norway drew up the famous Norwegian Tobacco Act which banned ads as well as instituted other controls. As Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of Health he began his outreach to health NGOs and has devoted his life to influencing both sectors and challenging them to work together. For his progressive thinking, vision, and unswerving dedication to saving lives from tobacco, Dr. Kjell Bjartveit is one of the movement’s most distinguished personalities.
Nigel Gray, MD (Australia) is currently a visiting scientist at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and is former director of the Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, Australia. He is also former President of the International Union Against Cancer (UICC). A pediatrician by training, Nigel Gray has labored for the past 35 years to combine behavioral research, measurement of smoking rates, and brilliant advocacy to thwart incursions of tobacco into Australia’s populations. In addition to leading the effort for the benchmark 1987 legislation that banned ads and promotion, one of his greatest insights was designing an approach to tax tobacco such that the resulting funds would replace tobacco sponsorship of athletic and cultural events. This type of legislation quickly spread from Victoria to several additional Australian states and other countries. Later his leadership of UICC’s tobacco effort made his name a rallying point against tobacco in many parts of the world. Nigel Gray is in many ways the father of the international tobacco control movement. He is a dynamic organizer, author, advocate, scientist, and mentor to generations of the world’s anti-tobacco leaders.
Non-Smokers’ Rights Association (NSRA) (Canada) was founded in 1974 and is based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, with other offices in Ottawa and Montreal. Its first and only Executive Director in the intervening 25 years has been Garfield Mahood. The Association has been at the forefront of tobacco control efforts in Canada and around the world for the past quarter century. It deals with all aspects of the tobacco problem, consistently focusing on the responsibility of the tobacco industry for the health threats of their product rather than on individual smokers. Its reputation lies in its deep expertise in the economics of tobacco control, packaging and labeling, taxation, advertising and sponsorship, secondhand smoke, and mechanisms for recovery of health care costs. They not only persuaded Canada’s major newspapers to drop tobacco ads, but they put politicians on notice that they stood to be praised or punished in the media based on their opposition to, or support for tobacco control. Major achievements in this field are always the result of team efforts. NSRA has consistently helped form numerous coalitions and partnerships, garnering support from hundreds of organizations in the process.