2003 Luther L. Terry Award Winners
The 2003 Luther L. Terry awards were presented in six categories: Outstanding Individual Leadership, Exemplary Leadership by a Government Ministry, Distinguished Career, Outstanding Organization, Outstanding Research Contribution, and Special Recognition Award for Leadership on the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). These awards recognize outstanding worldwide achievement in the field of tobacco control and were presented during special ceremony in Helsinki, Finland, as part of the 12th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health.
Below are the 2003 Luther L. Terry award winners.
Outstanding Individual Leadership
Simon F. Chapman, PhD (Australia) is a sociologist and a professor of public health at the University of Sydney in Australia. He has been one of the world’s foremost tobacco control advocates for nearly 30 years, and he is the author of 11 books – many of which have become classics of the tobacco control movement. A prolific author of scholarly research, he has more than 190 publications to his credit and is editor of the international journal Tobacco Control. Professor Chapman’s national initiative to establish a tobacco control course for public health officials and researchers made him a pioneer in establishing advocacy as a valid scholarly focus. He headed a project that analyzed, cataloged, and made accessible more than 40 million pages of internal tobacco industry documents pertaining to Australia and Asia. His visionary leadership in tobacco control has earned recognition by the World Health Organization and the Australian Heart Association. In addition to his innumerable accomplishments in international tobacco control advocacy, Professor Chapman is inexhaustible in his efforts to curtail tobacco use in his own country. Through hundreds of uncompromising editorial articles and letters to newspapers, he keeps the dangers of tobacco use constantly in the public eye and has positively influenced a generation of Australians’ tobacco experience. Due in large part to the groundbreaking leadership and redoubtable advocacy efforts of Professor Simon Chapman, the tobacco industry today describes Australia as one of the “darkest markets in the world” for promoting its products.
Mary Assunta Kolandai, BA (Hons) (Malaysia) is well-known throughout the international tobacco control movement. For nearly 25 years, she has been a vocal opponent of the tobacco industry’s rising influence in developing nations, and her tireless efforts on behalf of these countries was instrumental in putting their perspective on the international tobacco control agenda. During her tenure with the Consumers Association of Penang, she coordinated Malaysia’s tobacco control campaign and successfully lobbied to ban indirect tobacco advertising in the country. She personally confronted Philip Morris CEO Geoffrey Bible about the company’s insidious marketing to young people, and she co-authored Global Aggression: The Case for World Standards and Bold US Action Challenging Philip Morris and RJR Nabisco. Ms. Assunta’s expertise in exposing the tobacco industry’s deceitful tactics in developing nations, in articulating the need to view the problem holistically, and in effectively using media advocacy to address the tobacco pandemic led to her appointment as an advisor to the World Health Organization. She has also been invaluable to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. As a member of the Framework Convention Alliance and the Network for Accountability of Tobacco Transnationals, she used her extensive experience to galvanize participating NGOs from different corners of the world, to strategize, and to lobby international governments. She is currently working on a University of Sydney School of Public Health project analyzing internal tobacco industry documents. Eight hundred million of the world’s 1.1 billion current smokers live in developing nations. With Ms. Mary Assunta as their inexhaustible advocate, these nations and their citizens stand a stronger chance than ever of triumphing over tobacco.
Exemplary Leadership by a Government Ministry
The Brazil Ministry of Health’s Instituto Nacional de Câncer (Inca) is a paradigm of the tobacco control movement to which other nations may aspire. The ministry develops and coordinates the country’s cancer and tobacco control efforts at all levels and in all arenas – advocacy, education, research, and service. The scale and intensity of its national campaign against tobacco, as well as its visible leadership role in the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, makes Brazil a bastion of the international tobacco control movement and a role model to Latin American and developing nations around the world. Brazil’s comprehensive tobacco control initiative combats the problem on several fronts. The program calls for a reduction in cigarettes’ tar and nicotine levels and bans terms such as “light” and “mild” from cigarette packaging. Tobacco advertising and sponsorship are prohibited in all media except the point of sale, and cigarette packages are labeled with graphic pictorial warnings of the dangers inherent in smoking. In addition to successful population-based educational campaigns, Inca also reaches citizens by offering free nicotine replacement therapy and cessation counseling through the country’s primary health care system. The program is designed based on the results of a needs assessment and analysis of other countries’ experiences. Strong scientific evidence is the foundation of the effort, and all programs and activities take into account the local culture. Another unique aspect of Brazil’s pioneering work is its decentralized, empowering nature. Inca has created a network of more than 3,500 local affiliates and helped them build capacity to implement their own tobacco control programs. Despite enormous political and economic obstacles, Brazil has established itself as a world leader in the international fight to save lives from tobacco.
Distinguished Career Award
Michael Pertschuk, JD (US) began his career-long commitment to tobacco control more than 40 years ago. His illustrious career has been characterized by a deep commitment to the tobacco control movement, and his decisive leadership has driven some of the movement’s most significant milestones and accomplishments. In 1962, when he was a legislative assistant to US Senator Maurine Neuberger, he created the congressional proposal which initiated the Surgeon General’s Committee on Smoking and Health. In 1964, he again joined forces with Senator Neuberger to author the authoritative guide to tobacco control policy, Smoke Screen. In 1965 and 1969, Mr. Pertschuk held the position of chief counsel to the US Senate Commerce Committee, and in this capacity, he drafted the landmark legislation that required warnings on cigarette labels and that banned broadcast advertising of tobacco products. From 1977 until 1984, he served as commissioner and chairman of the Federal Trade Commission, leading efforts to ban all advertising targeted at children. From these auspicious beginnings, Mr. Pertschuk has continued to demonstrate visionary leadership to tobacco control, and his expertise on media and policy advocacy and movement building has inspired local, state, and international organizations to adopt effective tobacco control campaigns. He is the author of four of the movement’s most influential guides, and he was instrumental in developing GLOBALink, the primary communication tool for the international tobacco control movement. He founded the Smoking Control Advocacy Resource Center, which provides guides, training, strategic counseling, and other resources to combat the tobacco industry. Through a lifetime of dedicated leadership and service, Michael Pertschuk has empowered future generations of international tobacco control advocates with the tools they need to win the war against tobacco.
Sir Richard Doll, CH, MD, DSc, FRS (England) (1912-2005) was a medical pioneer whose lifetime of achievement in the field of epidemiology transformed the world’s comprehension of cancer’s causes and prevention. In a distinguished career spanning more than six decades, he published over 490 articles, and he was the driving force behind some of the most significant medical research of the 20th century. After serving as an officer in the Royal Army Medicine Corps from 1939 until 1945, he embarked upon a prolific and remarkable research career. Sir Richard served as an honorary member of the Clinical Trial Service Unit and the Epidemiological Studies Unit at Oxford University, and as an active researcher, lecturer, and internationally renowned tobacco control advocate. Without the revolutionary research of Sir Richard Doll, the modern tobacco control movement may never have existed. In the 1950s, he established beyond any question the link between smoking and lung cancer. By studying 709 lung cancer patients in 20 London hospitals, he offered medicine the first incontrovertible scientific evidence that tobacco led directly to lung cancer and other deadly diseases. For this and other seminal research, Queen Elizabeth recognized Sir Richard’s achievements by naming him an officer in the Order of the British Empire in 1956, knighting him in 1971, and bestowing the rare honor of naming him a Companion of Honour in 1996. Sir Richard Doll’s contribution to world health is undisputed. Because he had the vision and the courage to establish beyond question the link between smoking and lung cancer, he was a founding father of the tobacco control movement. His critical research is the very foundation upon which the movement’s lifesaving efforts have been built.
GLOBALink (UICC) is a virtual community that unites policymakers, researchers, educators, doctors, advocates, lawyers – and even dissenters – in the international tobacco control movement. Developed in the early 1990s by the Advocacy Institute with a few dozen members, it was transferred to the International Union Against Cancer in 1993. The network has since grown to include more than 5,000 members worldwide. Members united by GLOBALink turn to each other for support and encouragement. They work together to address common concerns and to share best practices. They also rely on trained experts to provide them with the timely assistance and leading-edge resources they need to arm themselves in the battle against tobacco. Among the services GLOBALink offers in support of the international tobacco control movement are a catalog of timely tobacco control news, free Web hosting, online training courses, a tobacco industry document search system, and online tobacco control petitions. The goal of GLOBALink is necessarily ambitious: to disseminate critical information to support the lifesaving work of the international tobacco control movement. Every consideration for convenience and accessibility went into the site’s planning, and this thoughtful development has made the site available wherever there is a need – no matter how remote the location or how limited the Internet capabilities. For its landmark accomplishments in bringing the tobacco control community together, the site received the prestigious Health Medal from the World Health Organization in 1997. Its unique ability to mobilize diverse groups of advocates was instrumental in the unanimous passing of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
Outstanding Research Contribution
Kenneth E. Warner, PhD (US) of the University of Michigan is the Avedis Donabedian Distinguished University Professor of Public Health, the director of the Tobacco Research Network, and the associate director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program. Since joining the university’s faculty in 1972, he has researched disease prevention and health promotion with an emphasis on tobacco. His findings have been recognized by more than 175 professional publications. Dr. Warner’s creative, rigorous scholarship has reinforced his reputation as an international authority on tobacco control’s economic implications. His copious research has been sought by leaders of the tobacco control movement for decades. He was a principal consultant on the World Bank’s 1999 report Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control, and he was senior scientific editor for the 25th anniversary US Surgeon General’s report on smoking and health. He serves on the editorial boards of four international tobacco control journals, and he chairs the board of Tobacco Control. Because of his extraordinary accomplishments in analyzing the economics of tobacco control, Dr. Warner has been invited to share his expertise with the US Senate and the US House of Representatives. C. Everett Koop awarded him the Surgeon General’s Medallion in 1989, and the Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs section of the American Public Health Association presented him its Leadership Award in 1990. Dr. Warner also takes strides to address youth tobacco prevention and smoking cessation as a member of the American Legacy Foundation Board of Directors. Dr. Kenneth Warner’s innovative and exhaustive research into the economic implications of the tobacco control movement arms governments and agencies with the knowledge and the resources to make effective, economically sound decisions in the battle against tobacco.
Prakash C. Gupta, MSc, ScD (India) is Director – Research of Healis – Sekhsaria Institute of Public Health, and president of the Action Council Against Tobacco – India. He was a senior research scientist at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and an honorary consultant at the Tata Memorial Centre until 2004. He has researched tobacco control in India since 1966, and he has published more than 100 papers on the topic – including several seminal cross-sectional surveys and long-term follow-up studies that exponentially increased understanding of the country’s tobacco epidemic. His extensive research has been a strong contribution to the tobacco control movement in India. Dr. Gupta’s work drew attention to smokeless tobacco as a serious health concern, demonstrated that tobacco interventions were both feasible and productive in India’s rural populations, and determined the country’s tobacco-attributable mortality rate. He demonstrated that bidis – an increasingly popular form of tobacco use – are equally as deadly as conventional cigarettes. He has also studied the effects of smokeless tobacco on pregnant women’s reproductive outcomes, global youth tobacco use, and issues involving global school personnel. He shares his considerable epidemiological expertise with many international scientific organizations, greatly enhancing their understanding of the global tobacco problem, and he is a valued and sought-after presenter for international tobacco control conferences. For his innovative and decisive contributions to tobacco control, Dr. Gupta received the Tobacco Free World Award for Outstanding Contributions to Public Health from the World Health Organization in 1999. India is the world’s second most populous country. It is also the world’s second highest tobacco growing and consuming country. Thanks to Dr. Prakash Gupta, the country’s tobacco control movement is being built on a strong scientific foundation.
Special Recognition Award for Leadership on the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)
Gro Harlem Brundtland, MD (WHO) served as the director-general of the World Health Organization and is a celebrated public health advocate whose acclaimed career has spanned nearly 40 years. Throughout her career, Dr. Brundtland has lent her energy, enthusiasm, and commitment to both her native Norway and the world as she has worked to improve the state of public health globally, including assembling the WHO’s first public health convention, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Dr. Brundtland served as chief medical officer of the Norwegian Directorate of Health from 1965 to 1967 and as assistant director of the Oslo Board of Health from 1968 to 1974. In 1974, she was appointed minister of the environment, a position she held until 1979. In 1981, she became the youngest person and the first woman ever to be elected prime minister of Norway, and in that capacity, she headed her government for 10 years. In 1983, she chaired the World Commission on Environment and Development, and she spearheaded the first Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. In July 1998, she assumed the office of director general of the World Health Organization. In this capacity, she brought her passion for human health and development and the environment onto the global stage, and her exemplary reputation in medical, political, and environmental circles bolstered the organization’s programs and services. Through strong appeals for tough measures such as tax increases, clean indoor air laws, and advertising bans, Dr. Gro Harlem Brundtland has been the driving force behind one of the most significant tobacco control coalitions in the history of the movement.