This information represents the views of the doctors and nurses serving on the American Cancer Society’s Cancer Information Database Editorial Board. These views are based on their interpretation of studies published in medical journals, as well as their own professional experience.
The treatment information in this document is not official policy of the Society and is not intended as medical advice to replace the expertise and judgment of your cancer care team. It is intended to help you and your family make informed decisions, together with your doctor.
Your doctor may have reasons for suggesting a treatment plan different from these general treatment options. Don’t hesitate to ask him or her questions about your treatment options.
Treatment for aplastic anemia can be divided into 2 groups: primary and supportive. Primary treatment, such as stem cell transplant or immunosuppressive therapy, is aimed at treating or curing the disease.
Supportive treatment is aimed at helping the symptoms of aplastic anemia without actually treating the underlying cause. Treating anemia with transfusions is a type of supportive treatment.