Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Children

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References: Brain and spinal cord tumors in children detailed guide

American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2014. Atlanta, Ga. American Cancer Society; 2014.

Blaney SM, Haas-Kogan D, Poussaint TY, et al. Gliomas, ependymomas, and other nonembryonal tumors of the central nervous system. In: Pizzo PA, Poplack DG, eds. Principles and Practice of Pediatric Oncology. 6th ed. Philadelphia Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011:717–771.

Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS). Fact Sheet. Accessed at www.cbtrus.org/factsheet/factsheet.html on July 9, 2014.

Dorsey JF, Hollander AB, Alonso-Basanta M, et al. Chapter 66: Cancer of the central nervous system. In: Niederhuber JE, Armitage JO, Dorshow JH, Kastan MB, Tepper JE, eds. Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa. Elsevier: 2014.

Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, et al. (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2011, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2011/, based on November 2013 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2014.

Lamszus K. Meningioma pathology, genetics, and biology. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2004;63:275–286.

Mehta MP, Vogelbaum M, Chang S, Patel N. Neoplasms of the central nervous system. In: DeVita VT, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA, eds. DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg’s Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011:1700–1749.

National Cancer Institute Physician Data Query (PDQ). Childhood Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors Treatment Overview. 2014. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/childbrain/healthprofessional on July 11, 2014.

Ostrom QT, Gittleman H, Farah P, et al. CBTRUS statistical report: Primary brain and central nervous system tumors diagnosed in the United States in 2006-2010. Neuro Oncol. 2013;15 Suppl 2:ii1−56.

Packer RJ, Rorke-Adams LB, Lay CC, et al. Embryonal and pineal region tumors. In: Pizzo PA, Poplack DG, eds. Principles and Practice of Pediatric Oncology. 6th ed. Philadelphia Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011:772–808.

Pollack IF, Jakacki RI, Butterfield LH, et al. Antigen-specific immune responses and clinical outcome after vaccination with glioma-associated antigen peptides and polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid stabilized by lysine and carboxymethylcellulose in children with newly diagnosed malignant brainstem and non-brainstem gliomas. J Clin Oncol. 2014;32:2050−2058.

Pugh TJ, Weeraratne SD, Archer TC, et al. Medulloblastoma exome sequencing uncovers subtype-specific somatic mutations. Nature. 2012;488:106–110.


Last Medical Review: 08/12/2014
Last Revised: 08/24/2014