References: Breast cancer in men detailed guide
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts and Figures 2016. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2016.
American Joint Committee on Cancer. Breast. In: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, 7th ed. New York: Springer; 2010: 347–369.
Baselga J, Cortés J, Kim SB, et al. Pertuzumab plus trastuzumab plus docetaxel for metastatic breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 2012 Jan 12;366(2):109-19. Epub 2011 Dec 7.
Baselga J, Campone M, Piccart M, et al. Everolimus in postmenopausal hormone-receptor-positive advanced breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 2012 Feb 9;366(6):520-529. Epub 2011 Dec 7.
Blackwell KL, Burstein HJ, Storniolo AM, et al. Randomized study of lapatinib alone or in combination with trastuzumab in women with ErbB2-positive, trastuzumab-refractory metastatic breast cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Mar 1;28(7):1124-1130. Epub 2010 Feb 1.
Brinton LA, Richesson DA, Gierach GL, Lacey JV Jr, Park Y, Hollenbeck AR, Schatzkin A. Prospective evaluation of risk factors for male breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2008 Oct 15;100(20):1477–1481. Epub 2008 Oct 7.
Burstein HJ, Harris JR, Morrow M. Malignant tumors of the breast. In: DeVita VT, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA, eds. DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg's Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011:1401–1456.
Burstein HJ, Sun Y, Dirix LY, et al. Neratinib, an irreversible ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in patients with advanced ErbB2-positive breast cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Mar 10;28(8):1301-7. Epub 2010 Feb 8.
Citron ML, Berry DA, Cirrincione C, et al: Randomized trial of dose-dense versus conventionally scheduled and sequential versus concurrent combination chemotherapy as postoperative adjuvant treatment of node-positive primary breast cancer: First report of Intergroup Trial C9741/Cancer and Leukemia Group B Trial 9741. J Clin Oncol 21:1431–1439, 2003.
Coleman RE, Winter MC, Cameron D, et al; AZURE (BIG01/04) Investigators. The effects of adding zoledronic acid to neoadjuvant chemotherapy on tumour response: exploratory evidence for direct anti-tumour activity in breast cancer. Br J Cancer. 2010 Mar 30;102(7):1099-105. Epub 2010 Mar 16.
Coleman RE, Marshall H, Cameron D, et al. Breast Cancer Adjuvant Therapy with Zoledronic Acid. N Engl J Med. 2011 Oct 13;365(15):1396-1405. Epub 2011 Sep 25.
Curtis RE, Ron E, Hankey BF, Hoover RN. New Malignancies Following Breast Cancer. In: Curtis RE, Freedman DM, Ron E, Ries LAG, Hacker DG, Edwards BK, Tucker MA, Fraumeni JF Jr. (eds). New Malignancies Among Cancer Survivors: SEER Cancer Registries, 1973-2000. National Cancer Institute. NIH Publ. No. 05-5302. Bethesda, MD, 2006. Accessed on 4/18/2014 at http://seer.cancer.gov/archive/publications/mpmono/MPMonograph_complete.pdf.
Dimitrov NV, Colucci P, Nagpal S. Some aspects of the endocrine profile and management of hormone-dependent male breast cancer. Oncologist. 2007;12-798–807.
Di Lauro L, Vici P, Del Medico P, Laudadio L, Tomao S, Giannarelli D, Pizzuti L, Sergi D, Barba M, Maugeri-Saccà M. Letrozole combined with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog for metastatic male breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2013 Aug;141(1):119-23. Epub 2013 Aug 28.
Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group. Effects of radiotherapy and of differences in the extent of surgery for early breast cancer on local recurrence and 15-year survival: An overview of the randomised trials. Lancet. 2005;366:2087–2106.
Fentiman IS, Fourquet A, Hortobagyi GN. Male breast cancer. Lancet. 2006;367:595–604.
Fizazi K, Lipton A, Mariette X, et. Randomized phase II trial of denosumab in patients with bone metastases from prostate cancer, breast cancer, or other neoplasms after intravenous bisphosphonates. J Clin Oncol. 2009 Apr 1;27(10):1564–1571. Epub 2009 Feb 23.
Fong PC, Boss DS, Yap TA, et al. Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase in tumors from BRCA mutation carriers. N Engl J Med. 2009 Jul 9;361(2):123–134. Epub 2009 Jun 24.
Gärtner R, Jensen MB, Nielsen J, Ewertz M, Kroman N, Kehlet H. Prevalence of and factors associated with persistent pain following breast cancer surgery. JAMA. 2009 Nov 11;302(18):1985−1992.
Giordano SH, Buzdar AU, Hortobagyi GN. Breast cancer in men. Ann Intern Med. 2002;137:678–687.
Giordano SH, Perkins GH, Broglio K, Garcia SG, Middleton LP, Buzdar AU, Hortobagyi GN. Adjuvant systemic therapy for male breast carcinoma. Cancer. 2005 Dec 1;104(11):2359-64.
Giordano SH. A review of the diagnosis and management of male breast cancer. Oncologist. 2005;10:471–479.
Giordano SH, Cohen DS, Buzdar AU, et al. Breast cancer in men: a population-based study. Cancer. 2004;101:51–57.
Giuliano AE, Hunt KK, Ballman KV, et al. Axillary Dissection vs No Axillary Dissection in Women With Invasive Breast Cancer and Sentinel Node Metastasis. JAMA. 2011;305(6):569−575.
Golshan M, Rusby J, Dominguez F, et al. Breast conservation for male breast carcinoma. Breast. 2007;16:653–656.
Gradishar WJ. Male breast cancer. In: Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK. Diseases of the Breast. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004:983–990.
Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, et al (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2010, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2010/, based on November 2012 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2013.
Kushi LH, Byers T, Doyle C, et al. American Cancer Society guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity. CA Cancer J Clin. 2006;56:254–281.
Lawenda BD, Mondry TE, Johnstone PA. Lymphedema: a primer on the identification and management of a chronic condition in oncologic treatment. CA Cancer J Clin. 2009 Jan-Feb; 59(1):8–24.
Liede A, Karlan BY, Narod SA. Cancer risks for male carriers of germline mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2: a review of the literature. J Clin Oncol. 2004;22:735–742.
McCloskey E, Paterson A, Kanis J, et al. Effect of oral clodronate on bone mass, bone turnover and subsequent metastases in women with primary breast cancer. Eur J Cancer. 2010 Feb;46(3):558-65. Epub 2009 Dec 22.
Moskovitz AH, Anderson BO, Yeung RS, Byrd DR, Lawton TJ, Moe RE. Axillary web syndrome after axillary dissection. Am J Surg. 2001 May;181(5):434−439.
National Cancer Institute Physician Data Query (PDQ). Genetics of Breast and Ovarian Cancer. 7/25/2013. Accessed at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/genetics/breast-and-ovarian/HealthProfessional on August 8, 2013.
National Cancer Institute Physician Data Query (PDQ). Male Breast Cancer Treatment. 4/11/2014. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/malebreast/healthprofessional on June 13, 2014.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Breast Cancer. Version 3.2014. Accessed at www.nccn.org on June 10, 2013.
Orr N, Cooke R, Jones M, Fletcher O, Dudbridge F, et al. Genetic Variants at Chromosomes 2q35, 5p12, 6q25.1, 10q26.13, and 16q12.1 Influence the Risk of Breast Cancer in Men. PLoS Genet. 2011. 7(9): e1002290.
Patil R, Clifton GT, Holmes JP, et al. Clinical and immunologic responses of HLA-A3+ breast cancer patients vaccinated with the HER2/neu-derived peptide vaccine, E75, in a phase I/II clinical trial. J Am Coll Surg. 2010 Feb;210(2):140-147. Epub 2009 Dec 22.
Smith GL, Xu Y, Buchholz TA, Giordano SH, Jiang J, Shih YC, Smith BD. Association between treatment with brachytherapy vs whole-breast irradiation and subsequent mastectomy, complications, and survival among older women with invasive breast cancer. JAMA. 2012 May 2;307(17):1827-1837.
Stopeck AT, Lipton A, Body JJ, et al. Denosumab Compared With Zoledronic Acid for the Treatment of Bone Metastases in Patients With Advanced Breast Cancer: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Nov 8.
Swerdlow AJ, Schoemaker MJ, Higgins CD, Wright AF, Jacobs PA; UK Clinical Cytogenetics Group. Cancer incidence and mortality in men with Klinefelter syndrome: a cohort study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Aug 17;97(16):1204−1210.
Tai YC, Domchek S, Parmigiani G, Chen S. Breast cancer risk among male BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2007;99:1811−1814.
Untch M, Möbus V, Kuhn W, et al. Intensive dose-dense compared with conventionally scheduled preoperative chemotherapy for high-risk primary breast cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2009 Jun 20;27(18):2938−2945. Epub 2009 Apr 13.
Verma S, Miles D, Gianni L, et al. Trastuzumab emtansine for HER2-positive advanced breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 2012 Nov 8;367(19):1783-91. Epub 2012 Oct 1.
Weiss JR, Moysich KB, Swede H. Epidemiology of breast cancer in men. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005;14:20−26.
Zagouri F, Sergentanis TN, Chrysikos D, Zografos E, Rudas M, Steger G, Zografos G, Bartsch R. Fulvestrant and male breast cancer: a case series. Ann Oncol. 2013 Jan;24(1):265-6.
Zagouri F, Sergentanis TN, Koutoulidis V, Sparber C, Steger GG, Dubsky P, Zografos GC, Psaltopoulou T, Gnant M, Dimopoulos MA, Bartsch R. Aromatase inhibitors with or without gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue in metastatic male breast cancer: a case series. Br J Cancer. 2013 Jun 11;108(11):2259-63. Epub 2013 May 30.
Last Medical Review: 06/15/2016
Last Revised: 09/15/2016