HPV Vaccines

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What is HPV?

Can a vaccine help prevent HPV?

Yes. Vaccines are available to help prevent infection by certain types of HPV and some of the cancers linked to those types: Gardasil®, Gardasil 9®, and Cervarix®. All of these vaccines help prevent infection by HPV-16 and HPV-18. These types cause 70% of all cervical cancers and pre-cancers, as well as many cancers of the anus, vulva, vagina, and throat.

Gardasil also helps prevent infection by the 2 types of HPV (HPV-6 and HPV-11) that cause 90% of all genital warts.

Gardasil 9 helps prevent infection with the same 4 types of HPV as Gardasil, plus 5 other high risk types: 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58.

Cervarix may also provide some protection against some high-risk types of HPV besides 16 and 18.


Last Medical Review: 04/09/2014
Last Revised: 02/03/2016