HPV Vaccines

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What is HPV?

Can a vaccine help prevent HPV?

Yes. Vaccines are available to help prevent infection by certain types of HPV and some of the cancers linked to those types: Gardasil®, Gardasil 9®, and Cervarix®. All of these vaccines help prevent infection by HPV-16 and HPV-18. These types cause 70% of all cervical cancers and pre-cancers, as well as many cancers of the anus, vulva, vagina, and throat.

Gardasil also helps prevent infection by the 2 types of HPV (HPV-6 and HPV-11) that cause 90% of all genital warts.

Gardasil 9 helps prevent infection with the same 4 types of HPV as Gardasil, plus 5 other high risk types: 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58.

Cervarix may also provide some protection against some high-risk types of HPV besides 16 and 18.

Did the American Cancer Society play a role in the development of the HPV vaccines?

Yes. Dr. Robert Rose at the University of Rochester was a member of 1 of 4 teams that contributed to the development of a vaccine against HPV. The grant he received from the American Cancer Society in the mid-1990s enabled him to continue and confirm his important work studying the virus.


Last Medical Review: 04/09/2014
Last Revised: 12/12/2014