- What is HPV?
- Can a vaccine help prevent HPV?
- Are the HPV vaccines safe?
- Who should be vaccinated against HPV and when?
- What are the benefits of the HPV vaccines?
- How much do the HPV vaccines cost? Are they covered by health insurance plans?
- Do women who have been vaccinated against HPV still need Pap tests?
- Can cervical cancer be prevented without a HPV vaccine?
- To learn more
Can a vaccine help prevent HPV?
Yes. Vaccines are available to help prevent infection by certain types of HPV and some of the cancers linked to those types: Gardasil®, Gardasil 9®, and Cervarix®. All of these vaccines help prevent infection by HPV-16 and HPV-18. These types cause 70% of all cervical cancers and pre-cancers, as well as many cancers of the anus, vulva, vagina, and throat.
Gardasil also helps prevent infection by the 2 types of HPV (HPV-6 and HPV-11) that cause 90% of all genital warts.
Gardasil 9 helps prevent infection with the same 4 types of HPV as Gardasil, plus 5 other high risk types: 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58.
Cervarix may also provide some protection against some high-risk types of HPV besides 16 and 18.
Did the American Cancer Society play a role in the development of the HPV vaccines?
Yes. Dr. Robert Rose at the University of Rochester was a member of 1 of 4 teams that contributed to the development of a vaccine against HPV. The grant he received from the American Cancer Society in the mid-1990s enabled him to continue and confirm his important work studying the virus.
Last Medical Review: 04/09/2014
Last Revised: 12/12/2014