- Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
- What is HPV?
- How do you get genital HPV?
- How common is HPV? Who gets it?
- What are the symptoms of HPV?
- Can HPV be treated?
- Can HPV be prevented?
- What are the risk factors for genital HPV?
- HPV and cancer
- What about other HPV-related diseases?
- Testing for HPV
- If you test positive for HPV, what does it mean?
- Will HPV affect my pregnancy or my baby?
- Why should women over age 30 with normal test results change to co-testing every 5 years and start doing HPV testing? Is that safe?
- HPV vaccines
- Who should be vaccinated and when?
- What are the benefits of the vaccines?
- How much do the HPV vaccines cost? Are they covered by health insurance plans?
- Do you need to be tested for HPV before getting the vaccine?
- Do women and girls who have been vaccinated still need Pap tests?
- Can cervical cancer be prevented without a vaccine?
- Is the American Cancer Society in favor of vaccinating against HPV?
- Do you want more information?
Can cervical cancer be prevented without a vaccine?
In most cases, yes, cervical cancer can be prevented even without a vaccine. Cervical cancer screening done according to American Cancer Society guidelines and with proper follow up will prevent most but not all cases of cervical cancer. Pap tests (with or without the HPV test) can find cervix cell changes early, before they become cervical cancer. These changed cervix cells can then be treated to keep them from becoming cancer.
When cancer screening guidelines are followed most, but not all cervical cancers are found at an early, curable stage. Most cervical cancers in the United States are diagnosed in women who have never had a Pap test, or who haven’t had a Pap test in many years.
To learn more about the American Cancer Society’s screening guidelines, see Cervical Cancer: Prevention and Early Detection.
Last Medical Review: 05/02/2013
Last Revised: 05/02/2013