- What is HPV?
- Can a vaccine help prevent HPV?
- Are the HPV vaccines safe?
- Who should be vaccinated against HPV and when?
- What are the benefits of the HPV vaccines?
- How much do the HPV vaccines cost? Are they covered by health insurance plans?
- Do women who have been vaccinated against HPV still need Pap tests?
- Can cervical cancer be prevented without a HPV vaccine?
- To learn more
Can cervical cancer be prevented without a HPV vaccine?
In most cases, yes, cervical cancer can be prevented even without a vaccine. Cervical cancer screening done according to American Cancer Society guidelines and with proper follow up will prevent most but not all cases of cervical cancer. Pap tests (with or without the HPV test) can find cervix cell changes early, before they become cervical cancer. These changed cervix cells can then be treated to keep them from becoming cancer.
When cancer screening guidelines are followed most, but not all, cervical cancers are found at an early enough stage that they are easily cured. Most cervical cancers in the United States are diagnosed in women who have never had a Pap test, or who haven’t had a Pap test in many years.
To learn more about the American Cancer Society’s screening guidelines, see Cervical Cancer: Prevention and Early Detection.
Last Medical Review: 04/09/2014
Last Revised: 02/03/2016