Second Cancers Caused by Cancer Treatment

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Childhood cancers

As treatment for childhood cancer has improved and more children are surviving into adulthood, researchers have learned that the effects of treatment may affect the child's health later in life. This result, known as a "late effect," often includes an increased risk for some types of cancer. For more information about this topic, see our document, Childhood Cancer: Late Effects of Cancer Treatment. If you'd like this information, please call our 24-hour number 1-800-227-2345, or search for it on our Web site at

Last Medical Review: 01/30/2012
Last Revised: 01/30/2012