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Cancer Glossary

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K
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also called Kaposi’s sarcoma. A type of cancer that grows from cells lining the blood vessels or lymph vessels. It can affect many tissues and organs, and often forms brown, purple or red blotches on the skin. It is caused by infection with a virus in the herpes family, KHSV (Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus), and is most often seen in people with weakened immune systems.
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exercises to strengthen certain muscles in the bottom of the pelvis. These exercises may help men and women with certain forms of urinary incontinence. See also urinary incontinence.
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an organ that filters the blood to remove excess water, salt, and waste in the form of urine. A person normally has 2 kidneys. See also ureter, bladder, urethra.
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a gene that might cause or contribute to cancer accelerator if it is mutated. This is not an inherited mutation (passed on from a parent), which would be in every cell in the body from birth. It is a spontaneous mutation that starts in a single cell which then grows and multiplies. See also gene, mutation.