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Cancer Glossary

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K
 Search  [KAP-o-see sar-KO-muh]
Also called Kaposi’s sarcoma. A type of cancer that grows from cells lining the blood vessels or lymph vessels. It can affect many tissues and organs, and often forms brown, purple or red blotches on the skin. It is caused by infection with a virus in the herpes family, KHSV (Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus), and is most often seen in people with weakened immune systems.
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Exercises to strengthen certain muscles in the bottom of the pelvis. These exercises may help men and women with certain bladder control problems. See also urinary incontinence.
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An organ that filters the blood to remove excess water, salt, and waste in the form of urine. A person normally has 2 kidneys. See also ureter, bladder, urethra, urine.
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A gene that, when changed (mutated), might cause cancer or help it to grow. This is not an inherited mutation (passed on from a parent), it’s a spontaneous mutation that starts in a single cell which then grows and multiplies. See also gene, mutation.
 Search  [KI-foe-PLASS-tee]
A procedure used to repair a broken bone in the spine (vertebra) and reduce pain. A balloon is put into the area of broken bone and inflated to expand the bone to its normal size. Bone cement is then injected into the space. Compare to vertebroplasty. See also vertebra.