Colorectal Cancer

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References: Colorectal cancer

American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2016. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2015.

American Cancer Society. Colorectal Cancer Facts & Figures 2014-2016. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2014.

American Joint Committee on Cancer. Colon and rectum. In: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer; 2010: 143–164.

Aune D, Chan DS, Lau R, et al. Dietary fibre, whole grains, and risk of colorectal cancer: Systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. BMJ. 2011;343:d6617.

Cole BF, Baron JA, Sandler RS, et al. Folic acid for the prevention of colorectal adenomas: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2007;297:2351–2359.

Croner RS, Geppert CI, Bader FG, et al. Molecular staging of lymph node-negative colon carcinomas by one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) results in upstaging of a quarter of patients in a prospective, European, multicentre study. Br J Cancer. 2014;110:2544-2550.

El-Shami K, Oeffinger KC, Erb NL, et al. American Cancer Society colorectal cancer survivorship care guidelines. CA Cancer J Clin. 2015;65:427-455.

Hawk ET, Levin B. Colorectal cancer prevention. J Clin Oncol. 2005;23:378–388.

Hendriks YM, de Jong AE, Morreau H, et al. Diagnostic approach and management of Lynch J Clin. 2006;56:213–225.

Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, et al (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2012, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/, based on November 2014 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2015.

Johns LE, Houlston RS. A systematic review and meta-analysis of familial colorectal cancer risk. Am J Gastroenterol. 2001;96:2992-3003.

Kushi LH, Doyle C, McCullough M, et al. American Cancer Society Guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: Reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity. CA Cancer J Clin. 2012;62:30-67.

Levin B, Lieberman DA, McFarland B, et al. Screening and surveillance for the early detection of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps, 2008: A joint guideline from the American Cancer Society, the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer, and the American College of Radiology. CA Cancer J Clin. 2008;134:1570–1595.

Libutti SK, Salz LB, Willett CG, Levine RA. Chapter 57: Cancer of the colon. In: DeVita VT, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA, eds. DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg’s Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015.

Libutti SK, Willett CG, Salz LB, Levine RA. Chapter 60: Cancer of the rectum. In: DeVita VT, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA, eds. DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg’s Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015.

Lin J, Zhang SM, Cook NR, et al. Oral contraceptives, reproductive factors, and risk of colorectal cancer among women in a prospective cohort study. Am J Epidemiol. 2007;165:794–801.

Lindor NM, Petersen GM, Hadley DW, et al. Recommendations for the care of individuals with an inherited disposition to Lynch syndrome: a systematic review. JAMA. 2006;296:1507–1517.

Locker GY. Lynch HT. Genetic factors and colorectal cancer in Ashkenazi Jews. Familial Cancer. 2004;3:215–221.

Lynch HT, de la Chapelle A. Hereditary colorectal cancer. N Engl J Med. 2003;348:919–932.

Meyerhardt JA, Giovannucci EL, Holmes MD, et al. Physical activity and survival after colorectal cancer diagnosis. J Clin Oncol. 2006;24:3527–3534.

Meyerhardt JA, Giovannucci EL, Ogino S, et al. Physical activity and male colorectal cancer survival. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:2102–2108.

Meyerhardt JA, Heseltine D, Niedzwiecki D, et al. The impact of physical activity on cancer recurrence and survival in patients with stage III colon cancer: findings from CALGB 89803. J Clin Oncol. 2006;24:3535–3541.

Meyerhardt JA, Niedzwiecki D, Hollis D, et al. Association of dietary patterns with cancer recurrence and survival in patients with stage III colon cancer. JAMA. 2007;298:754–764.

Mysliwiec PA, Cronin KA, Schatzkin A. New Malignancies Following Cancer of the Colon, Rectum, and Anus. In: Curtis RE, Freedman DM, Ron E, Ries LAG, Hacker DG, Edwards BK, Tucker MA, Fraumeni JF Jr. (eds). New Malignancies Among Cancer Survivors: SEER Cancer Registries, 1973-2000. National Cancer Institute. NIH Publ. No. 05-5302. Bethesda, MD, 2006. Accessed on 4/18/2014 at http://seer.cancer.gov/archive/publications/mpmono/MPMonograph_complete.pdf.

National Cancer Institute. Physician Data Query (PDQ). Colon Cancer Treatment. 2015. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/types/colorectal/hp/colon-treatment-pdq on September 22, 2015.

National Cancer Institute. Physician Data Query (PDQ). Rectal Cancer Treatment. 2015. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/types/colorectal/hp/rectal-treatment-pdq on September 21, 2015.

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Colon Cancer. V.3.2015. Accessed at www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/colon.pdf on September 21, 2015.

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Rectal Cancer. V.3.2015. Accessed at www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/rectal.pdf on September 21, 2015.

Oh DY, Venook AP, Fong L. On the verge: Immunotherapy for colorectal carcinoma. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2015;13:970-978.

Rex DK, Kahi CJ, Levin B, et al. Guidelines for colonoscopy surveillance after cancer resection: A consensus update by the American Cancer Society and US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer. CA Cancer J Clin. 2006;56:160–167.

Rock CL, Doyle C, Demark-Wahnefried W, et al. Nutrition and physical activity guidelines for cancer survivors. CA Cancer J Clin. 2012;62: 242–274.

Rosenberg R, Maak M, Simon I, Nitsche U, Schuster T, Kuenzli B, Bender RA, Janssen K, Friess H. Independent validation of a prognostic genomic profile (ColoPrint) for stage II colon cancer (CC) patients. J Clin Oncol. 2011; 29(suppl 4; abstr 358)

Schernhammer ES, Laden F, Speizer FE, et al. Night-shift work and risk of colorectal cancer in the Nurses' Health Study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2003;95:825-828.

Sigurdson ER, Benson AB, Minsky B. Cancer of the rectum. In: Niederhuber JE, Armitage JO, Dorshow JH, Kastan MB, Tepper JE, eds. Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa. Elsevier: 2014: 1336-1359.

Simon MS, Chlebowski RT, Wactawski-Wende J, et al. Estrogen plus progestin and colorectal cancer incidence and mortality. J Clin Oncol. 2012;30:3983-3990.

Winawer SJ, Zauber AG, Fletcher RH, et al. Guidelines for colonoscopy surveillance after polypectomy: A consensus update by the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer and the American Cancer Society. CA Cancer J Clin. 2006;56:143-159.

Van Schaeybroeck S, Lawler M, Johnston B, et al. Colorectal cancer. In: Neiderhuber JE, Armitage JO, Doroshow JH, Kastan MB, Tepper JE, eds. Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier; 2014: 1278-1335.

Vogt S, Jones N, Christian D, et al. Expanded extracolonic tumor spectrum in MUTYH-associated polyposis. Gastroenterology. 2009;137:1976-1985.

Zalis ME, Blake MA, Cai W, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of laxative-free computed tomographic colonography for detection of adenomatous polyps in asymptomatic adults: A prospective evaluation. Ann Intern Med. 2012;156:692-702.


Last Medical Review: 10/15/2015
Last Revised: 01/20/2016