- What is colorectal cancer?
- Importance of colorectal cancer screening
- Risk factors for colorectal cancer
- Can colorectal cancer be prevented?
- Signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer
- Colorectal cancer screening tests
- American Cancer Society recommendations for colorectal cancer early detection
- Colorectal cancer screening – insurance coverage
- Additional resources
- References: Colorectal cancer early detection
References: Colorectal cancer early detection
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2014. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2014.
American Cancer Society. Detailed Guide: Colon and Rectum Cancer. 2014. Accessed at www.cancer.org/Cancer/ColonandRectumCancer/DetailedGuide/index.
Aune D, Chan DS, Lau R, Vieira R, Greenwood DC, Kampman E, Norat T. Dietary fibre, whole grains, and risk of colorectal cancer: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. BMJ. 2011;343:d6617.
Frazier AL, Colditz GA, Fuchs CS, and Kuntz KM. Cost-effectiveness of screening for colorectal cancer in the general population. JAMA. 2000;284:1954-1961.
Hawk ET, Levin B. Colorectal cancer prevention. J Clin Oncol. 2005;23:378–388.
Hendriks YM, deJong AE, Morreau H, et al. Diagnostic approach and management of Lynch syndrome (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma): A guide for clinicians. CA Cancer J Clin. 2006;56:213-225.
Kelloff GJ, Schilsky RL, Alberts DS, Day RW, Guyton KZ, Pearce HL, Peck JC, Phillips R, Sigman CC. Colorectal adenomas: a prototype for the use of surrogate end points in the development of cancer prevention drugs. Clin Cancer Res. 2004;10(11):3908-18.
Kushi LH, Doyle C, McCullough M, et al. American Cancer Society Guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity. CA Cancer J Clin. 2012 Jan-Feb;62(1):30-67.
Levin B, Lieberman DA, McFarland, et al. Screening and surveillance for the early detection of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps, 2008: a joint guideline from the American Cancer Society, the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer, and the American College of Radiology. CA Cancer J Clin. 2008;58:130-160.
National Cancer Institute. Physician Data Query (PDQ). Colon Cancer Treatment. 6/5/2014. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/colon/healthprofessional on 8/28/14.
National Cancer Institute. Physician Data Query (PDQ). Rectal Cancer Treatment. 7/2/2014. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/rectal/healthprofessional on 8/28/14.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Colon Cancer. V.1.2015. Accessed at www.nccn.org on 9/19/2014.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Rectal Cancer. V.1.2015. Accessed at www.nccn.org on 9/19/2014.
Medicare.gov. Your Medicare Coverage: Colorectal Cancer Screening. Accessed at http://www.medicare.gov/coverage/colorectal-cancer-screenings.html on September 25, 2014.
Rex DK, Kaho CJ, Levin B, et al. Guidelines for colonoscopy surveillance after cancer resection: a consensus update by the American Cancer Society and US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer. CA Cancer J Clin. 2006;56:160-167.
Winawer, SJ, Zauber AG, Fletcher RH, et al. Guidelines for colonoscopy surveillance after polypectomy: a consensus update by the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer and the American Cancer Society. CA Cancer J Clin. 2006;56:143-159.
Last Medical Review: 10/15/2014
Last Revised: 10/29/2014