Endometrial (Uterine) Cancer Overview

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Causes, Risk Factors, and Prevention TOPICS

Can endometrial cancer be prevented?

Although many cases of endometrial cancer cannot be prevented, there are some things that may lower your risk of getting this disease.

Some things that all women can try to do are:

  • Getting to and maintaining a healthy weight is one way to lower the risk of this cancer.
  • Getting regular physical activity (exercise)
  • Eating a healthy diet

Women who are taking hormones to treat the symptoms of menopause shouldn’t take estrogen alone (without progesterone) unless they don’t have a uterus.

For women with an endometrium problem (such as endometrial hyperplasia), having it treated before it becomes cancer is another way to lower the risk of endometrial cancer. Although some cases of hyperplasia will go away without treatment, some cases do need treatment. Following up with your doctor as scheduled can help make sure you get treatment if needed to prevent hyperplasia from becoming cancer.

Women with hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC, Lynch syndrome) have a very high risk of endometrial cancer. A woman with HNPCC may choose to have her uterus removed (a hysterectomy) after she has finished having children to prevent endometrial cancer.


Last Medical Review: 11/08/2013
Last Revised: 02/03/2014