- How are Ewing tumors treated?
- Chemotherapy for Ewing tumors
- Surgery for Ewing tumors
- Radiation therapy for Ewing tumors
- High-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplant for Ewing tumors
- Clinical trials for Ewing tumors
- Complementary and alternative therapies for Ewing tumors
- Treatment of Ewing tumors by stage
- Social, emotional, and other issues in treating Ewing tumors
- More treatment information for Ewing tumors
How are Ewing tumors treated?
This information represents the views of the doctors and nurses serving on the American Cancer Society’s Cancer Information Database Editorial Board. These views are based on their interpretation of studies published in medical journals, as well as their own professional experience.
The treatment information in this document is not official policy of the Society and is not intended as medical advice to replace the expertise and judgment of your cancer care team. It is intended to help you and your family make informed decisions, together with your doctor.
Your doctor may have reasons for suggesting a treatment plan different from these general treatment options. Don’t hesitate to ask him or her questions about your treatment options.
Treatment overview for Ewing tumors
The main goals of treatment of Ewing tumors are:
- To try to cure the patient
- To keep as much function in affected parts of the body as possible
- To keep the long-term complications of treatment to a minimum
Achieving these goals requires a team approach that includes many types of doctors and other specialists. Surgeons, medical or pediatric oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, psychosocial specialists, and rehabilitation specialists work together to give patients the best treatment and quality of life possible. For children and teens, this can be best done at a children’s cancer center.
A child’s cancer treatment often involves meeting a lot of different experts and learning more than you ever wanted to know about the health system. You can find out more in our document, Children Diagnosed With Cancer: Understanding the Health Care System.
Most patients with Ewing tumors are treated in clinical trials according to national treatment guidelines called protocols. In the United States, some of the most successful protocols have been those of the Children’s Oncology Group and its forerunners. Studies from similar groups in Europe have also produced very important information. Most advances in the treatment of Ewing tumors have come from the results of these clinical trials.
The types of treatment that can be used in Ewing tumors include:
Chemotherapy is almost always the first treatment. Localized therapy (surgery and/or radiation therapy) is next, often followed by more chemotherapy. A stem cell transplant might be an option for some patients with Ewing tumors that are unlikely to be cured with other treatments.
The next few sections describe the types of treatments used for Ewing tumors. This is followed by a description of the most common approaches to treatment based on the stage (extent) of the cancer.
Last Medical Review: 06/12/2013
Last Revised: 06/12/2013