Can eye cancer be prevented?
Because we do not yet know what causes most cancers of the eye, it is not known how to prevent them.
We know there is a link between sunlight and melanomas of the skin, and there are things you can do that might reduce your risk of these cancers, including limiting exposure to intense sunlight, covering up with protective hats and clothing, and using sunscreen. The American Cancer Society also recommends wearing UV-protected sunglasses when outside in strong sunlight. Wrap-around sunglasses with 99% to 100% UVA and UVB absorption provide the best protection for the eyes and their surrounding areas. This might help reduce the risk of developing cancers of the skin around the eyes. The link between sunlight and eye melanomas is not proven, but some doctors think that sunglasses might also reduce eye melanoma risk.
Many people with eye lymphoma have no recognized risk factors for this disease. For now, the only way to limit the risk of eye lymphoma is to try to avoid infection with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
Last Medical Review: 06/27/2011
Last Revised: 01/18/2013