Few of the known risk factors for Hodgkin disease can be changed, so it is not possible to prevent most cases of the disease at this time.
Infection with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is known to increase risk, so one way to limit your risk is to avoid known risk factors for HIV, such as intravenous drug use or unprotected sex with many partners. You can read more about HIV infection in HIV, AIDS, and Cancer.
Another risk factor for Hodgkin disease is infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (the cause of infectious mononucleosis, or mono), but there is no known way to prevent this infection.
Last Revised: 02/09/2016