References: Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer detailed guide
American Joint Committee on Cancer. Larynx. In: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2010: 57-62.
American Joint Committee on Cancer. Pharynx. In: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2010: 41-49.
Atkinson JC, Harvey KE, Domingo DL, et al. Oral and dental phenotype of dyskeratosis congenita. Oral Dis. 2008;14:419−427.
Bonner JA, Harari PM, Giralt J, et al. Radiotherapy plus cetuximab for squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck. N Engl J Med. 2006;354:567−578.
Carvalho AL, Nishimoto IN, Califano JA, Kowalski LP. Trends in incidence and prognosis for head and neck cancer in the United States: A site-specific analysis of the SEER database. Int J Cancer. 2005;114:806–816
Forastiere AA, Goepfert H, Maor M, et al. Concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy for organ preservation in advanced laryngeal cancer. N Engl J Med. 2003;349:2091−2098.
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Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, et al (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2009 (Vintage 2009 Populations), National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/, based on November 2011 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, 2012.
Kutler DI, Auerbach AD, Satagopan J, et al. High incidence of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in patients with Fanconi anemia. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003;129:106−112.
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National Cancer Institute. Physician Data Query (PDQ). Hypopharyngeal Cancer Treatment. 2012. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/hypopharyngeal/HealthProfessional on October 22, 2012.
National Cancer Institute. Physician Data Query (PDQ). Laryngeal Cancer Treatment. 2012. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/laryngeal/HealthProfessional on October 22, 2012.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Head and Neck Cancers. V.1.2012. Accessed at www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/head-and-neck.pdf on October 22, 2012.
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Last Medical Review: 12/14/2012
Last Revised: 02/03/2014