Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancer Overview

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Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging TOPICS

Survival rates for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers by stage

Some people with cancer may want to know the survival rates for their type of cancer. Others may not find the numbers helpful, or may even not want to know them. If you do not want to know the survival rates for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers, stop reading here and skip to the next section.

Below are the 5-year relative survival rates for cancers from each of the sites. The 5-year survival rate refers to the percentage of patients who live at least 5 years after their cancer is found. Five-year relative survival rates compare the survival rates for the people with the cancer to the rates for people without the disease. This helps adjust for the fact that some people will die of other causes. Keep in mind that many of these patients live much longer than 5 years after their cancer is found and treated. And 5-year rates are based on patients whose cancer was found and treated more than 5 years ago. Better treatments now may mean that patients have a better outlook.

The rates below are based on the stage of the cancer at the time it was found. Keep in mind that the stage of a cancer does not change over time, even if the cancer spreads. A cancer that comes back or spreads is still referred to by the stage it was given when it was first found, but more information is added to explain the current extent of the cancer. (And of course, the treatment plan may be changed based on the change in cancer status.)

While these numbers give an overall picture, every person is different. Statistics can’t predict what will happen in your case. Talk with your cancer care team if you have questions about your own chances of a cure, or how long you might expect to live. They know your situation best.

Supraglottis (the larynx above the vocal cords, including the epiglottis)

Stage

5-year relative survival rates

 

    I

    59%

    II

    59%

    III

    53%

    IV

    34%

Glottis (the part of the larynx that includes the vocal cords)

Stage

5-year relative survival rates

 

I

90%

II

74%

III

56%

IV

44%

Subglottis (the larynx below the vocal cords)*

Stage

5-year relative survival rates

 

I

65%

II

56%

III

47%

IV

32%

*(These numbers are less accurate because of the small number of patients.)

Hypopharynx (the area around the vocal cords)

Stage

5-year relative survival rates

 

I

53%

II

39%

III

36%

IV

24%

The data in all of these charts are from the National Cancer Data Base, based on patients diagnosed from 1998-1999, and published in 2010 in the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, Seventh Edition.

Last Medical Review: 04/08/2014
Last Revised: 04/08/2014