- How is childhood leukemia treated?
- Immediate treatment of childhood leukemia
- Surgery for childhood leukemia
- Radiation treatment for childhood leukemia
- Chemotherapy for childhood leukemia
- Targeted therapy for childhood leukemia
- High-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplant for childhood leukemia
- Treatment of children with acute lymphocytic leukemia
- Treatment of children with acute myeloid leukemia
- Treatment of children with acute promyelocytic leukemia
- Treatment of children with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia
- Treatment of children with chronic myelogenous leukemia
- More information on treating childhood leukemia
- Status of acute leukemia after treatment
- Clinical trials for childhood leukemia
- Complementary and alternative therapies for childhood leukemia
Surgery for childhood leukemia
Unlike most other cancers, surgery has only a small role in the treatment of leukemia. This is because leukemia is a disease of blood and bone marrow and cannot be cured with surgery.
Surgery may be used to help give other treatments. A small plastic tube may be placed into a large vein. The tube, called a central venous catheter (CVC) or a venous access device (VAD), allows medicines such as chemotherapy to be given and blood samples to be removed without the need for repeated needle sticks. The end of the tube stays just under the skin or sticks out in the chest area or upper arm. It is important for parents to learn how to care for the VAD.
In cases where a boy with leukemia has a relapse of the disease in a testicle, surgery may be done to remove the testicle (along with giving chemotherapy to treat the rest of the body).
Last Medical Review: 06/29/2012
Last Revised: 01/21/2013