Myelodysplastic Syndrome Overview

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Treating Myelodysplastic Syndrome TOPICS

How is myelodysplastic syndrome treated?

This information represents the views of the doctors and nurses serving on the American Cancer Society’s Cancer Information Database Editorial Board. These views are based on their interpretation of studies published in medical journals, as well as their own professional experience.
The treatment information in this document is not official policy of the Society and is not intended as medical advice to replace the expertise and judgment of your cancer care team. It is intended to help you and your family make informed decisions, together with your doctor.
Your doctor may have reasons for suggesting a treatment plan different from these general treatment options. Don’t hesitate to ask him or her questions about your treatment options.

General information about treatment

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of diseases. The different types of MDS vary in their outlook and response to treatment. Treatment is based on the type of MDS, as well as the patient’s age and health. Treatment is given by a specialist like a cancer doctor (oncologist) or a doctor who treats blood diseases (hematologist).

The main types of treatment for MDS are:

Often, a combination of these is used.

It is important to discuss all of your treatment options, including their goals and possible side effects, with your doctors to help make the decision that best fits your needs. It’s also very important to ask questions if there is anything you’re not sure about. You can find some good questions to ask in the section, “What are some questions I could ask my doctor about myelodysplastic syndromes?

Last Medical Review: 02/27/2014
Last Revised: 04/03/2014