- How is non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated in children?
- Surgery for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children
- Radiation therapy for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children
- Chemotherapy for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children
- Monoclonal antibodies for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children
- High-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplant for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children
- Clinical trials for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children
- Complementary and alternative therapies for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children
- Treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma by type and stage
- More treatment information about non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children
Surgery for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children
Surgery often has a limited role in treating non-Hodgkin lymphoma since it’s unlikely to cure it by itself and normal organs might be damaged in the process. Surgery is sometimes used as the first treatment for early stage Burkitt lymphoma that is in only one area (such as part of the intestine) to try to remove as much of the tumor as possible before chemotherapy. If the lymphoma can be completely removed, doctors may be able to give a less intensive chemotherapy regimen.
Other uses of surgery include:
- To get biopsy samples for lab tests to determine the exact type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma if non-surgical procedures (needle biopsy, bone marrow biopsy, etc.) could not get enough tissue.
- To insert a small plastic tube, called a central venous catheter or venous access device (VAD), into a large blood vessel near the heart. The end of the tube stays just under the skin or sticks out in the chest area or upper arm. The VAD is left in place during treatment to give intravenous (IV) drugs such as chemotherapy and to take blood samples. This lowers the number of needle sticks needed during treatment.
- To relieve some emergency situations, such as if a lymphoma has blocked a child’s intestines.
Possible risks and side effects of surgery
Possible complications of surgery depend on the location and extent of the operation and the child’s health beforehand. Serious complications, although rare, can include problems with anesthesia, excessive bleeding, wound infections, and pneumonia. Most children will have some pain for a while after the operation, although this can usually be helped with medicines if needed.
Last Medical Review: 10/09/2012
Last Revised: 01/17/2013