- How is penile cancer treated?
- Surgery for penile cancer
- Radiation therapy for penile cancer
- Local treatments (other than surgery) for penile cancer
- Chemotherapy for penile cancer
- Clinical trials for penile cancer
- Complementary and alternative therapies for penile cancer
- Treatment options for penile cancer, by stage
How is penile cancer treated?
Making treatment decisions
After the cancer is found and staged, your cancer care team will discuss treatment options with you. You should take time and think about all of your choices. In choosing a treatment plan, some factors to consider include:
- The type and stage of your cancer
- Your overall physical health
- Your personal preferences about treatments and their side effects
The main types of treatments used to treat penile cancers are:
- Local therapy (other than surgery) for some very early penile cancers
- Radiation therapy
Surgery is the main treatment for most penile cancers, but sometimes radiation therapy may be used, either instead of or in addition to surgery. Other local treatments might also be used for early-stage tumors. Chemotherapy may be given for some larger tumors or if the cancer has spread.
Depending on the type and stage of your cancer and your treatment options, you might have different types of doctors on your treatment team, including:
- A urologist: a surgeon who specializes in diseases of the male genitals and urinary tract
- A radiation oncologist: a doctor who uses radiation to treat cancer
- A medical oncologist: a doctor who uses chemotherapy and other medicines to treat cancer
Many other specialists might be part of your treatment team as well, including other doctors, physician assistants (PAs), nurse practitioners (NPs), nurses, psychologists, social workers, rehabilitation specialists, and other health professionals. See Health Professionals Associated With Cancer Care for more on this.The goal of your cancer care team is to treat the cancer while limiting the treatment’s effects on the function and appearance of the penis. If the cancer can’t be cured, the goal may be to remove or destroy as much of the cancer as possible and to prevent the tumor from growing, spreading, or returning for as long as possible. Sometimes treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms, such as pain or bleeding, even if you might not be cured.
It’s important to discuss all of your treatment options, including their goals and possible side effects, with your doctors to help make the decision that best fits your needs. It’s also very important to ask questions if there is anything you’re not sure about. You can find some good questions to ask in the section “What should you ask your doctor about penile cancer?”
If time permits, it’s often a good idea to seek a second opinion. A second opinion can give you more information and help you feel more confident about the treatment plan you choose.
For information about some of the most common treatment approaches based on the extent of the disease, see the section “Treatment of penile cancers, by stage.”
Last Medical Review: 03/30/2015
Last Revised: 04/20/2015