- How is prostate cancer treated?
- Expectant management, watchful waiting, and active surveillance for prostate cancer
- Surgery for prostate cancer
- Radiation therapy for prostate cancer
- Cryosurgery for prostate cancer
- Hormone therapy for prostate cancer
- Chemotherapy (chemo) for prostate cancer
- Vaccine treatment for prostate cancer
- Preventing and treating prostate cancer spread to bones
- Clinical trials for prostate cancer
- Complementary and alternative therapies for prostate cancer
How is prostate cancer treated?
About prostate cancer treatment
You have a lot to think about when choosing the best way to treat or manage your cancer. There may be more than one treatment to choose from. You might feel that you need to make a decision quickly. But give yourself time to take in all the information you have learned. Ask questions of your cancer care team. See the section “What are some questions I can ask my doctor about prostate cancer?” for some ideas about what to ask. Depending on each man’s case, the treatment options might include:
- Expectant management (watchful waiting) or active surveillance
- Radiation treatment
- Cryosurgery (cryotherapy)
- Hormone therapy
- Vaccine treatment
- Treatment aimed at cancer spread to bone
These treatments are most often used one at a time, although in some cases they may be combined.
Many men may find it helpful to get a second opinion, especially if they have many treatments to choose from. Talking with doctors who specialize in different kinds of treatment may be helpful.
The main types of doctors who treat prostate cancer include:
- Urologists: surgeons who treat diseases of the urinary system and male reproductive system (including the prostate)
- Radiation oncologists: doctors who treat cancer with radiation
- Medical oncologists: doctors who treat cancer with medicines such as chemotherapy or hormone therapy
Your primary care doctor can also be a source of information as you sort through your treatment options. It’s important to discuss all of your treatment options, including goals and possible side effects, with your doctors to help you choose the treatment that best fits your needs.
Many other specialists might be part of your treatment team as well. If you’d like to know more about who may be on your cancer care team, see our document Health Professionals Associated With Cancer Care.
The next few sections describe the types of treatments used for prostate cancer.
Last Medical Review: 01/09/2015
Last Revised: 01/30/2015