Testicular Cancer Overview

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Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging TOPICS

Staging of testicular cancer

The stage of a cancer describes how far it has spread. Your treatment options and the outlook for your recovery depend on the stage of the cancer. The stage is based on the results of the surgery to diagnose the cancer, blood tests for tumor markers, and imaging tests, all of which are described in the section, “How is testicular cancer found?”

The stages of testicular cancer are labeled using Roman numerals I through III (1 to 3), sometimes followed by a letter. As a rule, the lower the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher stage means a more advanced cancer.

If you have testicular cancer, ask your doctor or nurse to explain its stage in a way that you can understand. Knowing about the stage of your cancer can help you take a more active role in making decisions about your treatment.

Last Medical Review: 01/02/2014
Last Revised: 01/09/2015