The stage of a cancer describes how far it has spread. Your treatment options and the outlook for your recovery depend on the cancer’s stage.
The cancer’s stage is based on:
- The results of the surgery to diagnose the cancer
- Blood tests for tumor markers
- Imaging tests
These are all described in the section, “How is testicular cancer found?”
The stages of testicular cancer are labeled using Roman numerals I through III (1 to 3), sometimes followed by a letter. As a rule, the lower the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher stage means a more advanced cancer.
If you have testicular cancer, ask your doctor or nurse to explain its stage in a way that you can understand. Knowing about the stage of your cancer can help you take a more active role in making decisions about your treatment.
Our detailed guide Testicular Cancer has more information about staging of testicular cancer.
Last Revised: 02/12/2016