- What is a mammogram?
- What’s the difference between a screening mammogram and a diagnostic mammogram?
- How is a mammogram done?
- What to expect when you have a mammogram
- Where can I get help with mammogram costs?
- How is mammography regulated?
- What does the doctor look for on a mammogram?
- What if a breast biopsy is needed?
- Understanding your mammogram report – BI-RADS categories
- What are the limitations of mammograms?
- Mammograms in special circumstances
- Newer techniques for improving mammograms
- When are other breast imaging tests used?
- Experimental and other breast imaging methods
- To learn more
American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer Facts and Figures 2013-2014. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2013.
American College of Radiology. BI-RADS ATLAS – Mammography. Reporting System, 2013. Accessed at www.acr.org/~/media/ACR/Documents/PDF/QualitySafety/Resources/BIRADS/01%20Mammography/02%20%20BIRADS%20Mammography%20Reporting.pdf on June 9, 2014.
American College of Radiology - Radiology Society of North America. Patient Safety: Radiation Exposure in X-ray and CT Examinations. Accessed at www.radiologyinfo.org/en/safety/index.cfm?pg=sfty_xray on December 2, 2013.
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Rose SL, Tidwell AL, Bujnoch LJ, et al. Implementation of breast tomosynthesis in a routine screening practice: an observational study. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Jun;200(6):1401-1408.
Rosenberg RD, Hunt WC, Williamson MR, et al. Effects of age, breast density, ethnicity, and estrogen replacement therapy on screening mammographic sensitivity and cancer stage at diagnosis: Review of 183,134 screening mammograms in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Radiology 1998; 209:511–518.
Rosenberg RD, Yankaskas BC, Abraham LA, et al. Performance benchmarks for screening mammography. Radiology. 2006 Oct;241(1):55-66.
Saslow D, Boetes C, Burke W, et al for the American Cancer Society Breast Cancer Advisory Group. American Cancer Society guidelines for breast screening with MRI as an adjunct to mammography. CA Cancer J Clin. 2007;57:75-79.
Skaane P, Bandos AI, Gullien R, et al. Comparison of digital mammography alone and digital mammography plus tomosynthesis in a population-based screening program. Radiology. 2013 Apr;267(1):47-56.
Smith RA, D’Orsi C, Newell MS. Screening for breast cancer. In: Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK, eds. Diseases of the Breast. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010:87-115.
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Tabar L, Vitak B, Tony HH, et al. Beyond randomized controlled trials: organized mammographic screening substantially reduces breast carcinoma mortality. Cancer. 2001;91:1724-1731.
The Radiology Assistant. BI-RADS. Introduction to the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System, by Harmien Zonderland. Accessed at www.radiologyassistant.nl/en/4349108442109 on December 2, 2013.
US National Institutes of Health. ClinicalTrials.gov. For current clinical trial information. Accessed at http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/home on December 2, 2013.
Last Medical Review: 12/10/2013
Last Revised: 11/05/2014