Fact Sheets for Professionals
Get the latest figures and trends on 11 cancer types, alcohol, nutrition, UV exposure, tobacco use, and occupational exposures.
Breast Cancer [PDF, 96Kb]
Nearly all breast cancers can be treated successfully if detected early – while the cancer is small and has not spread. Some breast cancer risks, such as age, cannot be changed, but there are things that can be done to lower the risk of getting breast cancer and improve the chance of finding it early.
Cervical Cancer [PDF, 92Kb]
Cervical cancer can be detected and treated successfully when caught early. Regular Pap tests can prevent this disease altogether by finding pre-cancers that can be treated before cancer even develops. And HPV vaccines given before being exposed to HPV have been shown to prevent the 2 types of HPV that cause 70% of all cervical cancers.
Colorectal Cancer [PDF, 93Kb]
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in both men and women, and the second most common cause of cancer death in the US. The risk of getting colon cancer can be reduced by following screening guidelines, increasing activity levels, staying at a healthy weight, and eating a low-fat, healthy diet.
Endometrial Cancer [PDF, 101Kb]
This cancer starts in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus or womb. Most cases cannot be prevented, but can be treated with success if found early, while the cancer is small and has not spread. Women who have abnormal vaginal bleeding or spotting should see a doctor right away because this may be a sign of endometrial cancer.
Esophageal Cancer [PDF, 107Kb]
This cancer is not common in the US, but it is on the rise. It can be prevented by avoiding tobacco, limiting alcohol use, being physically active, staying at a healthy weight, and eating a healthy diet.
Lung Cancer [PDF, 94Kb]
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the US. Nearly 20% of Americans -- adults, children, and teens -- use tobacco in some form. Stopping all tobacco use could nearly wipe out this cancer.
Oral Cancer [PDF, 127Kb]
Cancer can start in any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, and throat. Quitting tobacco and limiting alcohol greatly reduce the risk of oral cancer, even after many years of use. Looking for mouth changes that could be signs of oral cancers should be part of a regular cancer check-up.
Ovarian Cancer [PDF, 114Kb]
Ovarian cancers tend to not cause symptoms until they are in the later stages; this makes them hard to find and treat while they are small and before they have spread. Women with persistent symptoms, like bloating, gas, belly pain, or feeling full quickly, should see a doctor right away.
Prostate Cancer [PDF, 109Kb]
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men (other than skin cancer). Men should talk to a doctor about their risk for this cancer and the risks and benefits of screening tests for it. All men should start these talks at age 50. African American men and those with a relative who has or had prostate cancer should begin these talks at age 45. A man with many relatives with a history of this cancer should start these talks at age 40.
Skin Cancer [PDF, 98Kb]
Skin cancers are the most common of all cancers, but most can be prevented by limiting sun exposure and using precautions when in the sun. Everyone should know their own pattern of moles, freckles, or other marks on the skin so they can notice changes quickly and show them to a doctor. Skin cancers can be treated successfully when found early.
Testicular Cancer [PDF, 94Kb]
This highly treatable cancer affects men ages 15 to 44. It cannot be prevented, so the best protection is knowing the signs and symptoms and getting early treatment. Any lumps, swelling, heaviness, or achiness in the testicles should be reported to a doctor right away.
Physical Activity and Cancer [PDF, 135Kb]
Regular physical activity can protect against some cancers. The American Cancer Society recommends that adults get at least 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous activity at least 5 days a week. And don't forget, kids need regular exercise, too—at least 60 minutes a day on 5 or more days a week.
Nutrition and Cancer [PDF, 115Kb]
If Americans ate a healthy, balanced diet based on plant foods (vegetables, fruits, whole grains and beans), and got to and stayed at a healthy weight, as many as one-third of all cancer deaths in the US could be prevented.
UV Radiation and Cancer [PDF, 91Kb]
UV light can cause DNA damage that leads to skin cancer. Limiting UV exposure (including not using tanning booths and lamps), and wearing protection when in the sun, can help people avoid the damage that can lead to melanoma and other skin cancers.
Alcohol and Cancer [PDF, 95Kb]
The more alcohol a person consumes, the higher his or her risk of getting certain kinds of cancer. Using both tobacco and alcohol puts a person at even greater risk.
Tobacco and Cancer [PDF, 105Kb]
Tobacco use has been linked to at least 15 different types of cancer. Stopping tobacco use, or not starting it, is the single most important thing a person can do to prevent cancer as well as many other deadly diseases.
Occupation and Cancer [PDF, 132Kb]
Certain industries pose a higher risk of cancer for workers. In the US, nearly all work place exposures are regulated, but exposure can still occur through accidents, violations of regulations, or unknown hazards. Many carcinogens can pose a problem when workers are exposed over time. Protection from cancer risk at work is essential and involves science-based regulations, worker awareness, and ongoing research into the potential effects of exposure.