The American Cancer Society classifies the research and training grants into Areas of Research, a common language developed as a partner with the International Cancer Research Partnership (ICRP). The Common Scientific Outline or 'CSO', is a classification system organized around seven broad areas of scientific interest in cancer research:
•Etiology (causes of cancer)
•Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis
•Cancer Control, Survivorship, and Outcomes Research
•Scientific Model Systems
The Current Investment by Areas of Research shows the American Cancer Society research investment for a specific year. The Areas of Research classification is complemented by a standard coding scheme for types of cancer.
Together, the ICRP tools lay a framework to improve coordination among research organizations, making it possible to compare and contrast the research portfolios of public, non-profit, and governmental research agencies.
Information about the International Cancer Research Partnership (ICRP) is provided on their website. On the ICRP website are the detailed definitions of the Areas of Research (or the CSO). You can use the online database to search the ICRP grants by type of cancer and other criteria.