American Cancer Society // Infographics // 2013 // 05
The American Cancer Society conducts long-term studies that play a major role in helping us better understand how to prevent cancer. These studies have shown how lifestyle, medical, and genetic factors relate to cancer and other diseases, and have contributed to the 20% drop in cancer death rates in the past two decades.
How Do We Conduct Cancer Prevention Studies?
Our cancer prevention studies involve large groups of cancer-free people who provide lifestyle, medical and behavioral information that is collected and surveyed over time, to discover potentially lifesaving learning about cancer prevention.
What are Some Discoveries from Previous Studies?
- Confirmed link between cigarette smoking and lung cancer
- Lung cancer death rates are higher among non-smoking spouses of smokers
- Obesity leads to higher death rates from all causes
- Obesity is associated with higher death rates for at least 10 different cancers
- A diet rich in fruits and vegetables lowers risks of colon cancer death
- Consumption of red and processed meat increases colorectal cancer risk
- Physical activity lowers risk of various cancers (including breast, colon, and prostate cancer)
- People with type II diabetes are at a greater risk of dying from many types of cancer, including pancreatic and colon cancer
- Alcohol consumption is associated with increased risk of breast, pancreatic, and other cancers
- Longer time spent sitting is associated with a higher risk of premature death
- Air pollution increases death rates from heart and lung conditions
Who has Participated in Previous Studies?
Previous studies were established through recruitment of 2.2 million men and women by 145,000 volunteers in 50 states and Puerto Rico. 57% of the study participants were women and 43% were men. 95% of the participants were non-Hispanic whites, 3% were African American and 2% were other ethnicities. The median entry age of the study participant was 55.
How Can You Help?
Participating in our next prevention study, CPS-3, is a one-time historic opportunity to make a difference in the fight against cancer. We need a new, diverse generation of participants to learn more about the environmental and lifestyle factors that influence cancer. Our ultimate goal is to enroll 300,000 adults from across the United States.
Who is eligible?
We are looking for men and women, 30-65 years old with no personal history of cancer (not including non-melanoma skin cancer) who are willing to make a long-term commitment to the study. Men, African Americans, Latinos and 30-45 year olds are strongly encouraged to enroll, so researchers are able to examine factors related to cancer prevention/occurrence in those groups.
What does participation involve?
Participation involves reading and signing a consent form, completing a survey, providing physical measurements, and giving a one-time, small blood sample and completing follow-up surveys every three years for at least 20 years.
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