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chromosome

[KRO-muh-soam] strand of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) inside a cell that carries genes, the basic units of heredity. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes, one member of each pair from the mother, the other from the father. Each chromosome can contain hundreds or thousands of individual genes. See also deoxyribonucleic acid, gene.

How is myelodysplastic syndrome diagnosed?

... Chromosome translocations (portions of chromosomes may trade places
with each other) may also be seen. Cytogenetic ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/myelodysplasticsyndrome/detailedguide/myelodysplastic-syndromes-diagnosis

How is chronic myelomonocytic leukemia diagnosed?

... CMML cells may also have extra copies of all or part of some
chromosomes. Chromosome translocations may also be seen. ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemia-chronicmyelomonocyticcmml/detailedguide/leukemia-chronic-myelomonocytic-diagnosed

Do we know what causes acute lymphocytic leukemia?

... The most common translocation in ALL in adults is known as the Philadelphia
chromosome, which is a swap of DNA between chromosomes 9 and ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemia-acutelymphocyticallinadults/detailedguide/leukemia-acute-lymphocytic-what-causes

How is acute myeloid leukemia classified?

... loss) of part of chromosome 5 or 7 (no specific AML type); Translocation or
inversion of chromosome 3; Translocation between chromosomes 6 and ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemia-acutemyeloidaml/detailedguide/leukemia-acute-myeloid-myelogenous-classified

Do we know what causes acute myeloid leukemia?

... cases of AML, but larger changes in one or more chromosomes are also ... or
a few genes that are normally present on that part of the chromosome. ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemia-acutemyeloidaml/detailedguide/leukemia-acute-myeloid-myelogenous-what-causes

Leukemia: Chronic Myelomonocytic

... CMML cells may also have extra copies of all or part of some
chromosomes. Chromosome translocations may also be seen. ...

http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003113-pdf.pdf

What are genes? | American Cancer Society

... Most genes are contained in chromosomes. A chromosome is a long strand
of DNA wrapped around a special protein called histone. ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/geneticsandcancer/genesandcancer/genes-and-cancer-what-are-genes

Do we know what causes Ewing tumors?

... 11. Less often, the swap is between chromosomes 22 and 21, or rarely
between 22 and another chromosome. The translocation ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/ewingfamilyoftumors/detailedguide/ewing-family-of-tumors-what-causes

How is acute myeloid leukemia diagnosed?

... It uses special fluorescent dyes that only attach to specific genes or parts of
particular chromosomes. FISH can find the chromosome changes (such ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemia-acutemyeloidaml/detailedguide/leukemia-acute-myeloid-myelogenous-diagnosed

Do we know what causes testicular cancer?

... have extra copies of a part of chromosome 12 (called isochromosome 12p).
Some testicular cancers have changes in other chromosomes as well ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicularcancer/detailedguide/testicular-cancer-what-causes