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cytogenetics

[sy-toe-juh-NET-icks] tests that look for abnormal changes (mutations) in whole chromosomes. Also called chromosome analysis, it is one of many different types of genetic tests available today. It is often done on bone marrow samples in patients with certain types of cancer, such as leukemia or lymphoma. See also bone marrow, chromosome, mutation, genetic testing.

Treating chronic myeloid leukemia by phase

... Cytogenetic response (may take several months or longer). ... A major cytogenetic
response (MCyR) includes both complete and partial responses; ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemia-chronicmyeloidcml/detailedguide/leukemia-chronic-myeloid-myelogenous-treating-treating-by-phase

How is myelodysplastic syndrome diagnosed?

... Cytogenetics. ... Cytogenetic testing can take several weeks because the bone
marrow cells need time to grow in laboratory dishes before their ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/myelodysplasticsyndrome/detailedguide/myelodysplastic-syndromes-diagnosis

Special studies in cancer diagnosis

... Genetic tests. Cytogenetics. ... Even when the type of cancer is known,
cytogenetic studies may help predict the patient's outlook. ...

http://www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies?ssdomainnum=5c38e88&ssdomainnum=5c38e88&ssdomainnum=5c38e88&url=http%3A//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%3Furl%3Dhttp%253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%253furl%253dhttp%25253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%25253furl%25253dhttp%2525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%2525253furl%2525253dhttp%252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%252525253furl%252525253dhttp%25252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%25252525253furl%25252525253dhttp%2525252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%2525252525253furl%2525252525253dhttp%252525252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%252525252525253fdocselected%252525252525253

Special studies in cancer diagnosis

... Genetic tests. Cytogenetics. ... Even when the type of cancer is known,
cytogenetic studies may help predict the patient's outlook. ...

http://www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies?ssdomainnum=5c38e88&ssdomainnum=5c38e88&url=http%3A//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%3Furl%3Dhttp%253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%253furl%253dhttp%25253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%25253furl%25253dhttp%2525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%2525253furl%2525253dhttp%252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%252525253furl%252525253dhttp%25252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%25252525253furl%25252525253dhttp%2525252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%2525252525253furl%2525252525253dhttp%252525252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%252525252525253fdocselected%252525252525253dtesting-biopsy-and-

Special studies in cancer diagnosis

... Genetic tests. Cytogenetics. ... Even when the type of cancer is known,
cytogenetic studies may help predict the patient's outlook. ...

http://www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies?ssdomainnum=5c38e88&url=http%3A//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%3Furl%3Dhttp%253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%253furl%253dhttp%25253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%25253furl%25253dhttp%2525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%2525253furl%2525253dhttp%252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%252525253furl%252525253dhttp%25252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%25252525253furl%25252525253dhttp%2525252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%2525252525253furl%2525252525253dhttp%252525252525253a//www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/examsandtestdescriptions/testingbiopsyandcytologyspecimensforcancer/testing-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-for-cancer-special-studies%252525252525253fdocselected%252525252525253dtesting-biopsy-and-cytology-specimens-f

How is childhood leukemia diagnosed?

... chromosomes by cytogenetics provides similar information to measuring the
DNA index by flow cytometry, as described above.). Cytogenetic testing ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemiainchildren/detailedguide/childhood-leukemia-diagnosis

How is acute myeloid leukemia diagnosed?

... Cytogenetics. ... The results of cytogenetic testing are written in a shorthand form
that describes which chromosome changes are present. ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemia-acutemyeloidaml/detailedguide/leukemia-acute-myeloid-myelogenous-diagnosed

How is multiple myeloma diagnosed?

... Cytogenetics. ... Cytogenetic testing usually takes about 2 to 3 weeks because
the cells must grow in lab dishes for a couple of weeks before their ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/multiplemyeloma/detailedguide/multiple-myeloma-diagnosis

How is non-Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed in children?

... Cytogenetics. ... Cytogenetic testing usually takes about 2 to 3 weeks because
the lymphoma cells must grow in lab dishes for a couple of weeks ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/non-hodgkinlymphomainchildren/detailedguide/non-hodgkin-lymphoma-in-children-diagnosis