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oncogenes

[on-kuh-jeenz] mutated (changed) forms of genes that cause cells to grow, divide to make new cells, or stay alive longer than they should. Oncogenes are related to normal genes called proto-oncogenes that control normal cell growth. But oncogenes have undergone changes that activated them, which can result in cells growing out of control and becoming cancerous. See also genes, proto-oncogenes, tumors. Compare to tumor suppressor genes.

Oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes | American Cancer ...

... A few cancer syndromes are caused by inherited mutations of proto-oncogenes
that cause the oncogene to be turned on (activated). ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/geneticsandcancer/genesandcancer/genes-and-cancer-oncogenes-tumor-suppressor-genes

Development of modern knowledge about cancer causes

... An oncogene could be compared to a gas pedal that is stuck ... Slowly, medical
scientists are identifying the oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancerbasics/thehistoryofcancer/the-history-of-cancer-modern-knowledge-and-cancer-causes

Do we know what causes multiple myeloma?

... Changes in other oncogenes (such as the RAS genes) are more often found
in ... When this occurs in a crucial area next to an oncogene, it can turn ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/multiplemyeloma/detailedguide/multiple-myeloma-what-causes

Do we know what causes chronic myeloid leukemia?

... CML, neither the Philadelphia chromosome nor the BCR-ABL oncogene can
be found. They might have other, unknown oncogenes causing their ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/leukemia-chronicmyeloidcml/detailedguide/leukemia-chronic-myeloid-myelogenous-what-causes

Genes and Cancer

... A few cancer syndromes are caused by inherited mutations of proto-oncogenes
that cause the oncogene to be turned on (activated). ...

http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/002550-pdf.pdf

Cancer Glossary

... oncogenes Search [on-kuh-jeenz]. mutated (changed) forms of genes that
cause cells to grow, divide to make new cells, or stay alive longer than ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancerglossary/index.aspx?letter=o

Do we know what causes thyroid cancer? | American Cancer ...

... Cancers can be caused by DNA changes that turn on oncogenes or turn off ...
The altered form of this gene, known as the PTC oncogene, is found in ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/thyroidcancer/detailedguide/thyroid-cancer-what-causes

The Future is Now: Personalized Medicine

... Scientists have identified dozens of oncogenes that stimulate its growth. ... With
information about which oncogene is causing the cancer to grow ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/news/expertvoices/post/2012/04/18/the-future-is-now-personalized-medicine.aspx

Do we know what causes kidney cancer? | American Cancer ...

... cell carcinoma have inherited changes in the MET oncogene that cause it ... These
acquired changes in oncogenes and/or tumor suppressor genes ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/kidneycancer/detailedguide/kidney-cancer-adult-what-causes

Do we know what causes bladder cancer?

... Some genes control when cells grow, divide into new cells, and die. Genes
that help cells grow, divide, and stay alive are called oncogenes. ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/bladdercancer/detailedguide/bladder-cancer-what-causes