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proto-oncogenes

a group of genes that, once they are mutated, can cause cells to become cancerous. The mutated version of a proto-oncogene is called an oncogene. See also gene, mutation, oncogenes.

Oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes

... and tumor suppressor genes. Oncogenes. Proto-oncogenes are genes
that normally help cells grow. When a proto-oncogene ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/geneticsandcancer/genesandcancer/genes-and-cancer-oncogenes-tumor-suppressor-genes

Genes and Cancer

... tumor suppressor genes. Oncogenes Proto-oncogenes are genes that
normally help cells grow. When a proto-oncogene ...

http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/002550-pdf.pdf

Cancer Glossary

... Oncogenes are related to normal genes called proto-oncogenes that control
normal cell growth. ... See also genes, proto-oncogenes, tumors. ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancerglossary/index.aspx?letter=o

Development of modern knowledge about cancer causes

... They are formed by changes or mutations of certain normal genes
of the cell called proto-oncogenes. Proto-oncogenes ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancerbasics/thehistoryofcancer/the-history-of-cancer-modern-knowledge-and-cancer-causes

The History of Cancer

... They are formed by changes or mutations of certain normal genes
of the cell called proto-oncogenes. Proto- oncogenes ...

http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/002048-pdf.pdf

Do we know what causes oral cavity and oropharyngeal ...

... However, DNA affects more than how we look. Some genes called
proto-oncogenes can help control when cells grow and divide. ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/oralcavityandoropharyngealcancer/detailedguide/oral-cavity-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-what-causes

Cancer Glossary

... therapy. proto-oncogenes Search. a group of genes that, once they
are mutated, can cause cells to become cancerous. ...

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancerglossary/index.aspx?letter=p

Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Cancer

... However, DNA affects more than how we look. Some genes called proto-
oncogenes can help control when cells grow and divide. ...

http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003128-pdf.pdf