transurethral resection of the prostate
also called TURP. An operation to remove the inner part of the prostate gland that surrounds the urethra (the tube through which urine exits the bladder). This procedure is most often used to relieve symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It can also be used for some men with prostate cancer who cannot have the prostate removed because of advanced age or other serious illnesses. It can relieve problems with urination, but is not expected to cure or remove all of the cancer. See also benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostate.