Effects of pelvic surgery for cancer on sexual function

Many different organs may be affected in pelvic surgery for cancer. The female genital and reproductive organs include the uterus (or womb), cervix (the entrance to the womb at the top of the vagina), fallopian tubes, ovaries (the organs that produce eggs and hormones), vagina, vulva, and clitoral area. The bladder (the storage area for urine) and rectum (the bottom end of the intestines) are also found in the pelvic area.

Illustration showing the fallopian tubes, body of uterus, vagina and cervix
Illustration showing side view of the female pelvis including the clitoris, inner lip, outlip, rectum, vagina, cervix, ovary, fallopian tube and uterus

Female genital and reproductive organs

This section reviews some of the more common types of surgery used to treat certain cancers and the ways they can impact your sex life.

The American Cancer Society medical and editorial content team
Our team is made up of doctors and master’s-prepared nurses with deep knowledge of cancer care as well as journalists, editors, and translators with extensive experience in medical writing.

Last Medical Review: August 29, 2013 Last Revised: August 29, 2013

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