- What you need to know first
- Risks and side effects
- Dietary supplement advertising and promotion
- Talking with your doctor
- Common misconceptions about dietary supplements
- FDA regulation of drugs versus dietary supplements
- Manufacturing guidelines for dietary supplements
- Reading dietary supplement labels
- Guidelines for choosing dietary supplements safely
- To learn more
Bronstein AC, Spyker DA, Cantilena LR Jr, et al. 2009 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS): 27th Annual Report. Clinical Toxicology 2010; 48:979–1178. Accessed at www.aapcc.org/dnn/Portals/0/correctedannualreport.pdf on September 2, 2011.
Kurtzweil P. An FDA Guide to Dietary Supplements. FDA Consumer; January 1999. Accessed at www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/fdsupp.html on May 29, 2009 (content no longer available).
Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health. Making Decisions. Accessed at http://ods.od.nih.gov/HealthInformation/ on September 12, 2011.
Singh P, Yadav RJ, Pandey A. Utilization of indigenous systems of medicine & homoeopathy in India. Indian J Med Res. 2005;122(2):137-142.
US Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Dietary Supplement Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMPs) and Interim Final Rule (IFR) Facts. June 22, 2007. Accessed at www.fda.gov/Food/DietarySupplements/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/RegulationsLaws/ucm110858.htm on September 2, 2011.
US Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994. Accessed at www.fda.gov/RegulatoryInformation/Legislation/FederalFoodDrugandCosmeticActFDCAct/SignificantAmendmentstotheFDCAct/ucm148003.htm on September 12, 2011.
US Food and Drug Administration. Dietary Supplements. Overview. Accessed at www.fda.gov/Food/DietarySupplements/ConsumerInformation/ucm110417.htm#what on September 2, 2011.
US Food and Drug Administration, FDA 101: Dietary Supplements (online brochure, updated 9/2/11). Accessed at www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm050803.htm on September 2, 2011.
US Food and Drug Administration. Number of mandatory adverse events reports from the dietary supplement industry entered into CAERS each month. Fiscal Year 2011. Accessed at www.accessdata.fda.gov/FDATrack/track?program=cfsan&id=CFSAN-OFDCER-Number-of-mandatory-adverse-event-reports-from-dietary-supplement-industry-entered-into-CAERS on September 2, 2011.
US Food and Drug Administration. Tainted Products marketed as Dietary Supplements. Accessed at www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm236774.htm on September 12, 2011,
Last Medical Review: 09/22/2011
Last Revised: 09/22/2011