- What you need to know first about dietary supplements
- Risks and side effects of dietary supplements
- Dietary supplement advertising and promotion
- Talking with your doctor about dietary supplements
- Common misconceptions about dietary supplements
- FDA regulation of drugs versus dietary supplements
- Manufacturing guidelines for dietary supplements
- Understanding the claims on dietary supplement labels
- Choosing and using dietary supplements safely
- To learn more
Kurtzweil P. An FDA Guide to Dietary Supplements. FDA Consumer; January 1999. Accessed at www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/fdsupp.html on May 29, 2009 (content no longer available).
Mowry JB, Spyker DA, Cantilena LR Jr, McMillan N, Ford M. 2013 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS): 31st. Annual Report. Clinical Toxicology 2014; 52:1032-1283. Accessed at https://aapcc.s3.amazonaws.com/pdfs/annual_reports/2013_NPDS_Annual_Report.pdf on March 23, 2015.
New York Attorney General Office. A.G. Schneiderman Asks Major Retailers To Halt Sales Of Certain Herbal Supplements As DNA Tests Fail To Detect Plant Materials Listed On Majority Of Products Tested. Accessed at www.ag.ny.gov/press-release/ag-schneiderman-asks-major-retailers-halt-sales-certain-herbal-supplements-dna-tests on March 13, 2015.
Newmaster SG, Grguric M, Shanmughanandhan D, et al. DNA barcoding detects contamination and substitution in North American herbal products BMC Medicine. 2013;11:222. Accessed at www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/222 on March 23, 2015.
Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health. Making Decisions. Accessed at http://ods.od.nih.gov/HealthInformation/ on March 23, 2015.
Singh P, Yadav RJ, Pandey A. Utilization of indigenous systems of medicine & homoeopathy in India. Indian J Med Res. 2005;122(2):137-142.
US Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Dietary Supplement Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMPs) and Interim Final Rule (IFR) Facts. June 22, 2007. Accessed at www.fda.gov/food/guidanceregulation/cgmp/ucm110858.htm on March 23, 2015.
US Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994. Accessed at www.fda.gov/RegulatoryInformation/Legislation/FederalFoodDrugandCosmeticActFDCAct/SignificantAmendmentstotheFDCAct/ucm148003 htm on March 23, 2015.
US Food and Drug Administration. Dietary Supplement Labeling Guide: Chapter VI. Claims, April 2005. Guidance for Industry. Accessed at www.fda.gov/food/guidanceregulation/guidancedocumentsregulatoryinformation/dietarysupplements/ucm070613.htm on March 23, 2015.
US Food and Drug Administration. Dietary Supplements. Overview. Accessed at www.fda.gov/Food/DietarySupplements/ConsumerInformation/ucm110417.htm#what on September 2, 2011 (content no longer available).
US Food and Drug Administration. DMAA in Dietary Supplements. July 16, 2013. Accessed at www.fda.gov/food/dietarysupplements/qadietarysupplements/ucm346576.htm on March 23, 2015.
US Food and Drug Administration, FDA 101: Dietary Supplements (online brochure, updated 9/2/11). Accessed at www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm050803.htm on March 23, 2015.
US Food and Drug Administration. Number of mandatory adverse events reports from the dietary supplement industry entered into CAERS each month. Fiscal Year 2012. Accessed at www.accessdata.fda.gov/FDATrack/track?program=cfsan&id=CFSAN-OFDCER-Number-of-mandatory-adverse-event-reports-from-dietary-supplement-industry-entered-into-CAERS&fy=2012 on March 23, 2015.
US Food and Drug Administration. Beware of Fraudulent Dietary Supplements, 1/28/2015. Accessed at www.fda.gov/forconsumers/consumerupdates/ucm246744.htm on March 23, 2015.
US Pharmacopeial Convention. USP Verified Dietary Supplements. Accessed at http://www.usp.org/usp-verification-services/usp-verified-dietary-supplements on March 23, 2015.
Whitmore A., USFDA. Personal communication, November 22, 2013.
Last Medical Review: 03/31/2015
Last Revised: 03/31/2015