American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. American Psychiatric Association, Arlington, VA. 2013.
Boelen PA, van den Bout J. Complicated Grief, Depression, and Anxiety as Distinct Postloss Syndromes: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis Study. Am J Psychiatry. 2005;162:2175-2177.
Chochinov H, Holland JC. Bereavement: A Special Issue in Oncology. Handbook of Psycho- Oncology. Holland & Rowland, eds. NY: Oxford University Press. 1990;50:612-627.
Doka KJ. An Introduction to Grieving, on the Hospice Foundation of America website. Accessed at http://hospicefoundation.org/pages/page.asp?page_id=171387 on December 12, 2012. Content no longer available.
Lev L, Robinson L, McCorkle R. Loss and Bereavement. In: McCorkle, Grant, Frank-Stromborg, and Baird, eds. Cancer Nursing: A Comprehensive Textbook. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: W.B. Saunders Company; 1996:110-117.
Martinez JM, Wagner S. Hospice and Palliative Care. In Yarbro CH, Frogge MH, Goodman M, Groenwald S. (eds) Cancer Nursing, Principles and Practice, 5th ed. Boston Mass: Jones and Bartlett; 2000:1691-1692.
National Cancer Institute. Grief, Bereavement, and Coping with Loss (PDQ®), 10/08/14. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/supportivecare/bereavement/HealthProfessional on December 22, 2014.
National Institute of Mental Health. Suicide in the America: Frequently Asked Questions. www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/suicide-in-america/index.shtml on December 22, 2014.
Smith M, Segal J. Coping with Grief and Loss: Understanding the Grieving Process. Accessed at www.helpguide.org/articles/grief-loss/coping-with-grief-and-loss.htm on December 22, 2014.
Tomarken A, Holland J, Schachter S, et al. Factors of complicated grief pre-death in caregivers of cancer patients. Psychooncology. 2008;17:105-111.
Wagner B, Knaevelsrud C, Maercker A. Internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for complicated grief: a randomized controlled trial. Death Stud. 2006;30:429-453.
Wolfelt AD. Helping Yourself Heal When a Parent Dies, on the Center for Loss and Life Transition website. Accessed at http://griefwords.com/index.cgi?action=page&page=articles%2Fhelping4.html&site_id=3 on December 22, 2014.
Last Medical Review: 12/23/2014
Last Revised: 03/11/2015