- Fertility and Cancer: What Are My Options?
- What is infertility?
- Talking to your cancer care team about fertility before your treatment
- How does cancer treatment affect fertility in women?
- Preserving fertility in women before cancer treatment
- Fertility options for women after treatment
- How does cancer treatment affect fertility in men
- Preserving fertility in men before cancer treatment
- Fertility options for men after cancer treatment
- Preserving fertility in children with cancer
- Frequently asked questions
- Other issues
- To learn more
American Society of Clinical Oncology. ASCO Recommendations on Fertility Preservation in Cancer Patients: Guideline Summary. Journal of Oncology Practice. 2006;2(3):143-146.
American Society for Reproductive Medicine Ethics Committee. Fertility preservation and reproduction in cancer patients. Fertility and Sterility. 2005;83(6):1622-1628.
Blumenfeld Z. How to preserve fertility in young women exposed to chemotherapy? The role of GnRH agonist cotreatment in addition to cryopreservation of embrya, oocytes, or ovaries. Oncologist. 2007;12(9):1044-1054.
Blumenfeld Z, von Wolff M. GnRH-analogues and oral contraceptives for fertility preservation in women during chemotherapy. Hum Reprod Update. 2008;14(6):543-552.
Brunk D. Fertility Preservation No Longer Experimental for Cancer Patients. Family Practice News Digital Network, 06/14/12. Accessed at www.familypracticenews.com/index.php?id=2659&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=134121&cHash=47e02be79468de56e43483da138cd478 on September 14, 2012.
Check JH, Katsoff B, Wilson C, Choe JK, Brasile D. Pregnancy outcome following fresh vs frozen embryo transfer into gestational carriers using a simplified slow freeze protocol. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2012;39(1):23-24.
Deepinder F, Agarwal A. Technical and ethical challenges of fertility preservation in young cancer patients. Reproductive BioMedicine Online. 2008;16(6):781-791.
Ernst E, Bergholdt S, Jørgensen JS, Andersen CY. The first woman to give birth to two children following transplantation of frozen/thawed ovarian tissue. Hum Reprod. 2010;25(5):1280-1281.
Fertile Hope. Pediatrics – Information for Parents. Accessed at www.fertilehope.org/learn-more/cancer-and-fertility-info/pediatrics.cfm on September 24, 2012.
Fertile Hope. Fertility Risks. Accessed at www.fertilehope.org/healthcare-professionals/clinical-tools/fertility-risks.cfm on September 24, 2012.
Fertile Hope. Parenthood Options. Accessed at www.fertilehope.org/learn-more/cancer-and-fertility-info/parenthood-options.cfm on September 24, 2012.
Fertile Hope. Pregnancy & Children After Cancer. Accessed at www.fertilehope.org/learn-more/cancer-and-fertility-info/pregnancy-and-children-after-cancer.cfm#q1 on September 21, 2012.
Fertile Hope. Questions to ask. Accessed at www.fertilehope.org/learn-more/cancer-and-fertility-info/questions-to-ask.cfm on September 24, 2012.
Lee SJ, Schover LR, Partridge AH, et al. American Society of Clinical Oncology. Recommendations on Fertility Preservation in Cancer Patients. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2006;24:2917-2931.
Lee S, Song JY, Ku SY, Kim SH, Kim T. Fertility preservation in women with cancer. Clin Exp Reprod Med. 2012;39(2):46-51.
Maltaris T, Beckmann MW, Dittrich R. Fertility Preservation for Young Female Cancer Patients. In Vivo. 2009;23(1):123-130.
Norian JM, Feinberg EC, Decherney AH, Armstrong AY. Gonadal dysfunction. In DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA, (eds). DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg’s Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011:2372-2386.
Oktay K, Buyuk E, Libertella N, et al. Fertility preservation in breast cancer patients: a prospective controlled comparison of ovarian stimulation with tamoxifen and letrozole for embryo cryopreservation. J Clin Oncol. 2005;23(19):4347-4353.
Oktay K, Oktem O. Ovarian cryopreservation and transplantation for fertility preservation for medical indications: report of an ongoing experience. Fertil Steril. 2010;93(3):762-768.
Nieman CL, Kazer R, Brannigan RE, et al. Cancer Survivors and Infertility: A Review of a New Problem and Novel Answers. The Journal of Supportive Oncology. 2006;4:171-178.
Rienzi L, Romano S, Albricci L, et al. Embryo development of fresh ‘versus’ vitrified metaphase II oocytes after ICSI: a prospective randomized sibling-oocyte study. Hum Reprod. 2010;25(1):66-73.
Rodriguez-Wallberg KA, Oktay K. Fertility preservation in women with breast cancer. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2010;53(4):753-762.
Schover, LR. The impact of cancer on men’s fertility. Current Topics in Cancer Fertility for Oncology Nurses. 2006;1(1):3,6, Spring. Institute for Medical Education and Research.
Schover LR. Sexuality and Fertility After Cancer. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc: 1997.
Schover LR. Reproductive complications and sexual dysfunction in the cancer patient. In: Chang AE, Ganz PA, Hayes DF, Kinsella T, Pass HI, Schiller JH, Stone R, Strecher V (eds). Oncology: An Evidence-Based Approach. Springer-Verlag, New York; 2005: 1580-1600.
Schover LR, Thomas AJ Jr. Overcoming Male Infertility. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2000.
Silber S, Kagawa N, Kuwayama M, Gosden R. Duration of fertility after fresh and frozen ovary transplantation. Fertil Steril. 2010 Feb 18.
Silva Idos S, Wark PA, McCormack VA, et al. Ovulation-stimulation drugs and cancer risks: A long-term follow-up of a British cohort. Br J Cancer. 2009;100(11):1824-1831.
Simon B, Lee SJ, Partridge AH, et al. Preserving Fertility After Cancer. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2005;55:211-228.
Society for Assisted Reproductive Technologies. A Patient’s Guide to Assisted Reproductive Technology. Accessed at www.sart.org/detail.aspx?id=4020 on September 24, 2012.
Tesarik J, Bahceci M, Ozcan C, et al. Restoration of fertility by in-vitro spermatogenesis. Lancet. 1999;353:555-556.
The Adoption Guide. How much does adoption cost? (from the 2012 Adoption Guide). Accessed at www.theadoptionguide.com/cost/articles/how-much-does-adoption-cost on September 18, 2012.
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Preserving Fertility Before Treatment. Accessed at www.mdanderson.org/patient-and-cancer-information/cancer-information/cancer-topics/detection-and-diagnosis/preserving-fertility/index.html on September 21, 2012.
van Leeuwen E, Repping S, Prins JM, Reiss P, van der Veen F. Assisted reproductive technologies to establish pregnancies in couples with an HIV-1-infected man. Neth J Med. 2009;67(8):322-327.
Wallace WH. Oncofertility and preservation of reproductive capacity in children and young adults. Cancer. 2011;117(10 Suppl):2301-2310.
Wallace WHB, Anderson RA, Irvine DS. Fertility preservation for young patients with cancer: who is at risk and what can be offered? The Lancet Oncology. 2005;6:209-218.
Last Medical Review: 09/18/2012
Last Revised: 11/19/2012