- What are infections and who is at risk?
- How your body normally resists infections
- Signs of infection people with cancer should watch for
- Why are people with cancer more likely to get infections?
- Immunosuppression and neutropenia
- Problems caused by the cancer
- Poor nutrition
- Cancer treatment and infection risk
- Neutropenia and risk of serious infection
- How does the doctor know what kind of infection a person with cancer has?
- What kinds of germs cause infections in people with cancer?
- What can people with cancer do to prevent infections?
- Get the right vaccines
- Take precautions
- Use prescribed medicines to prevent infections
- How is infection treated in people with cancer?
- To learn more
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever). 2010. Accessed at www.cdc.gov/fungal/coccidioidomycosis/ on October 30, 2012.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. General recommendations on immunization: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on immunization practices (ACIP). Morb Mort Wkly Rep. 2011;60(RR02),1-60. Accessed at www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr6002a1.htm?s_cid=rr6002a1_e on October 30, 2012.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevention of Herpes Zoster: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Morb Mort Wkly Rep. 2008;57,1-30. Accessed at www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr57e0515a1.htm on October 30, 2012.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents: Recommendations from CDC, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2009;58(RR04):1-198. Accessed at www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5804a1.htm?s_cid=rr5804a1_e on October 30, 2012.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cancer, the Flu, and You. Accessed at www.cdc.gov/cancer/flu/#1 on October 30, 2012.
Dean GE, Haeuber D, Rivera L. Infection. In: McCorkle R, Grant M, Baird S, Frank-Stromborg M, eds. Cancer Nursing: A Comprehensive Textbook. 2nd edition. Philadelphia, Pa: W.B. Saunders Company; 1996:963-978.
Ellerhorst-Ryan JM. Infection. In: Yarbro CH, Frogge MH, Goodman M, Groenwald SL, eds. Cancer Nursing: Principles & Practice. 5th Edition. Boston, Mass: Jones & Bartlett, 2000:691-708.
Gea-Banacloche JC, Plamore T, Walsh TJ, Holland SM, Segal BH. Infections in the cancer patient. In: DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA, Eds. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams &Wilkins; 2008:2569-2615.
Heymann DL (Ed) Control of Communicable Diseases Manual, 19th ed. Washington DC: American Public Health Association, 2008.
Jassak P, Haeuber D. Protective Mechanisms. In: Gross J, Johnson BL, Eds. Handbook of Oncology Nursing. 3rd Edition. Boston, Mass: Jones & Bartlett, 1998:417-439.
King CR. Outpatient management of myelosuppression. Clinical Perspectives in Oncology Nursing. 1995;1:1-12.
Ljungman P, Cordonnier C, Einsele H, et al. Vaccination of hematopoietic cell transplant recipients Bone Marrow Transplantation. 2009;44,521-526.
Madeya ML. Oral complications from cancer therapy: Part 1 – Pathophysiology and secondary complications. Oncology Nursing Forum. 1996;23:801-807,820-821.
Manzano-Alonso ML, Castellano-Tortajada G. Reactivation of hepatitis B virus infection after cytotoxic chemotherapy or immunosuppressive therapy. World J Gastroenterol. 2011;17(12):1531-1537.
National Cancer Institute. Chemotherapy and You: Support for People with Cancer, Side effects and Ways To Manage Them: Infection. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/coping/chemotherapy-and-you/page7 on October 30, 2012.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Myeloid Growth Factors. V.1.2012, 2/22/12. Accessed at www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/myeloid_growth.pdf on October 30, 2012.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Prevention and Treatment of Cancer-Related Infections. V.1.2012, 9/18/12 Accessed at www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/infections.pdf on October 30, 2012.
Wade JC. Viral infections in patients with hematological malignancies. Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2006;368-374.
Yokoe D, Casper C, Dubberke E, et al. Safe living after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplantation. 2009; 44, 509-519.
Last Medical Review: 12/06/2012
Last Revised: 12/06/2012