- Cancer, sex, and sexuality
- How the female body works sexually
- Keeping your sex life going despite cancer treatment
- Effects of pelvic surgery for cancer on sexual function
- Radical hysterectomy
- Radical cystectomy
- Abdominoperineal resection
- Surgery for cancer of the vulva (vulvectomy)
- Pelvic exenteration
- Sex and pelvic radiation therapy
- Sex and chemotherapy
- Sex and hormone therapy
- Surgery for breast cancer can affect sexuality, too
- Summary table of how some common cancer treatments can affect sexuality and fertility
- Dealing with sexual problems
- Vaginal dryness
- Premature menopause
- Coping with the loss of a body part
- Reaching orgasm after cancer treatment
- Preventing pain during sex
- Special aspects of some cancer treatments
- Feeling good about yourself and feeling good about sex
- Chemotherapy changes the way you look
- Changing negative thoughts
- Overcoming depression
- Dealing with grief and loss
- Rebuilding self-esteem
- Good communication: The key to building a successful sexual relationship
- Overcoming anxiety about sex
- Rekindling sexual interest
- Sexual activity with your partner
- The single woman and cancer
- Frequently asked questions about sex and cancer
- Professional help
- American Cancer Society programs
- To learn more
The single woman and cancer
Getting through cancer treatment can be really tough for a single woman. You may not have a friend or family member who can be there for you like a partner. You may also worry about how a current or future partner will react when they find out you’ve had cancer.
Some of the scars left by cancer are clearly visible. These include the lost hair during chemotherapy, a lost limb, or a disfigured face. Others cannot be seen by a casual onlooker. For example, there’s no way to know that a woman walking down the street has had a mastectomy. These private scars can be just as painful, though, since the few people who do see them are the ones whose acceptance matters most.
Perhaps the most private scar left by cancer is the damage done to your view of yourself. You may wonder how active you can be and even how long you will live. If you had hoped to marry or to remarry, you may not want to involve a partner in such an uncertain future.
Concerns about having children can also affect your new relationships. Perhaps you are no longer fertile because of cancer treatment. Maybe you can still have children but fear that cancer will not give you time to see your child grow up. Maybe you’re worried about their future.
When dating, people who have had cancer often avoid talking about their illness. At a time when closeness is so important, it seems risky to draw a potential lover’s attention to your problems. During treatment, you may want to be brave and not complain. And after the cancer has been controlled, you may try to forget that it ever happened.
Sometimes you can ignore the cancer. But, when a relationship becomes serious, silence is not the best plan. Before you and your partner decide to make a strong commitment, you should talk about cancer. This is especially true if the length of your life or your fertility has been affected. Otherwise, cancer may become a secret that’s hard to keep and will limit your ability to confide in your partner. A loving partner needs to accept you as you are.
When to talk about your cancer
It’s always a delicate choice when deciding to tell a new or prospective lover about your cancer. Ideally, a couple should discuss cancer when a relationship begins to become serious.
How to bring it up
Try having “the cancer talk” when you and your partner are relaxed and in an intimate mood. Ask your partner a question that leaves room for many answers. The question gives them a chance to consider the new information and respond; it also helps you see how your partner takes the news.
One way is just to say it, followed with your question. “I really like where our relationship is going, and I need you to know that I had leukemia many years ago. How do you think that might affect our relationship?”
You can also reveal your feelings: “I had ________ cancer ______ years ago. I guess I don’t want to bring it up because I’m afraid you’d rather be with someone who has not had the disease. It also scares me to remember that time in my life, but I need you to know about it. What are your thoughts or feelings about my having had cancer?”
You can even rehearse how to tell a dating partner about your experience with cancer. What message do you want to give? Try some different ways of saying it, and ask a friend for feedback. Did you come across the way you wanted to? Ask a friend to take the role of a new partner who rejects you because you have had cancer. Have your friend tell you what you dread hearing the most, and practice your response. Can you express your feelings in a dignified and satisfying way?
If you have an ostomy, mastectomy, genital scars, or a sexual problem, you may be concerned about when to tell a new dating partner. There are no hard and fast rules. It’s often better to wait until you feel a sense of trust and friendship with your partner – a feeling that you are liked as a total person – before thinking about sharing such personal information.
The possibility of rejection
The reality is that some potential lovers may reject you because of your cancer or cancer treatment. Of course, almost everyone gets rejected at some time. Even without cancer, people reject each other because of looks, beliefs, personality, or their own issues. The sad truth is that some single people with cancer limit themselves by not even trying to date. Instead of focusing on their good points, they convince themselves that no partner would accept them because of the cancer and the effects of treatment. You can avoid being rejected by staying at home, but you also miss the chance to build a happy, healthy relationship.
Here are some ways to help you make decisions about talking about cancer:
- Tell a potential partner about genital scars, an ostomy or sexual problems when you feel that the person already accepts you and likes you for who you are.
- Discuss your cancer in depth when a new relationship starts to deepen, especially if you have life expectancy or fertility issues.
- Prepare for the possibility of rejection: imagine the worst possible reaction of a new potential partner, and how you would respond. But don’t let fear of that reaction keep you from going after a relationship that might work.
When you feel some confidence in your self-worth and your ability to handle rejection, you’re ready for the real world. Then, when you start to meet people or date, think of it as part of a learning process rather than something you must do well with on your first try.
Improving your social life
Try working on areas of your social life, too. Single people can avoid feeling alone by building a network of close friends, casual friends, and family. Make the effort to call friends, plan visits, and share activities. Get involved in a hobby, special interest group, or adult education course that will increase your social circle.
Some volunteer and support groups are geared for people who have faced cancer. You might also want to try some individual or group counseling with a mental health counselor. You can form a more positive view of yourself when you get objective feedback about your strengths from others. Make a list of your good qualities as a mate. What do you like about your looks? What are your good points? What are your special talents and skills? What can you give your partner in a relationship? What makes you a good sex partner? Whenever you catch yourself using cancer as an excuse not to meet new people or date, remind yourself of your assets.
If you feel shy about meeting new people, practice how to handle it. Talk to yourself in the mirror, or ask a close friend or family member to play the part with you.
Last Medical Review: 02/25/2013
Last Revised: 02/25/2013