- Radiation Therapy Principles
- How does radiation work to treat cancer?
- Types of radiation used to treat cancer
- Goals of radiation therapy
- Who gives radiation treatments?
- How is radiation given?
- External beam radiation
- Internal radiation therapy (brachytherapy)
- Safety for the patient and family
- Possible side effects of radiation therapy
- Side effects of radiation to specific areas
- Second cancers
- Other general health concerns
- What’s new in radiation therapy?
- To learn more
American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology. Answers to Your Radiation Therapy Questions. Accessed at www.rtanswers.org on October 18, 2013.
Brown AP, Chen J, Hitchcock YJ, et al. The risk of second primary malignancies up to three decades after the treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008;93(2):504-515.
Constine LS, Milano MT, Friedman D, et al. Late Effects of Cancer treatment on Normal Tissues. In: Halperin EC, Perez CA, Brady LW, (Eds.) Perez and Brady’s Principles and Practice of Radiation Oncology, 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008: 320-355.
Douglas JG, Goodkin R, Laramore GE. Gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery for salivary gland neoplasms with base of skull invasion following neutron radiotherapy. Head Neck. 2008;30(4):492-496.
Fisher DR. Medical Isotope Production and Use (National Isotope Development Center). 2009. Accessed at www.isotopes.gov/outreach/reports/Medical_Isotope_Production_Use.pdf on October 1, 2013.
Gosselin-Acomb TK. Principles of Radiation Therapy. In: Henke Yarbro C, Hansen Frogge M, Goodman M, eds. Cancer Nursing Principles and Practice. 6th ed. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc. 2005:229-249.
Halperin EC. Particle therapy and treatment of cancer. Lancet Oncol. 2006;7:676-685.
Halperin EC, Perez CA, Brady LW (eds). Principles and Practice of Radiation Oncology, Fifth Ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2008.
Hede K. Research groups promoting proton therapy “lite.” JNCI. 2006;98:1682-1684.
International Atomic Energy Agency, Radiation Protection of Patients. Radiation Protection in Radionuclide therapy. Accessed at http://rpop.iaea.org/RPOP/RPoP/Content/Documents/TrainingNuclearMedicine/Lectures/RPNM_Part08_therapy_WEB.ppt on October 18, 2013.
Jongen Y. Radiotherapy systems using proton and carbon beams. Bull Mem Acad R Med Belg. 2008;163(10-12):471-8; discussion 479-80.
Khan FM. The Physics of Radiation Therapy. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2010.
Kry SF, Salehpour M, Followill DS, et al. The calculated risk of fatal secondary malignancies from intensity-modulated radiation therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2005;62(4):1195-1203.
Morgan MA, Haken RKT, Lawrence TS. Radiation Oncology. In: DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA (Eds.) DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg’s Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011: 289-311.
National Cancer Institute. Radiation Therapy and You: Support for People with Cancer. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/radiation-therapy-and-you on October 1, 2013.
National Cancer Institute. Radiation Therapy for Cancer FactSheet. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Therapy/radiation on October 1, 2013.
Paes FM, Serafini AN. Systemic Metabolic Radiopharmaceutical Therapy in the Treatment of Metastatic Bone Pain. Semin Nucl Med. 2010;40:89-104.
Reed SI. Cell Cycle. In: DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA (Eds.) DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg’s Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011: 68–81.
Sawka AM, Lakra DC, Lea J, et al. A systematic review examining the effects of therapeutic radioactive iodine on ovarian function and future pregnancy in female thyroid cancer survivors. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2008;69(3):479-490.
Schneck MJ. Radiation Necrosis, Jan 2013. Medscape. Accessed at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1157533-overview on October 13, 2013.
Sheets NC, Goldin GH, Meyer AM, et al. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy, proton therapy, or conformal radiation therapy and morbidity and disease control in localized prostate cancer. JAMA. 2012;307(15):1611–1620.
Last Medical Review: 10/23/2013
Last Revised: 10/23/2013