- What are imaging tests?
- Who does imaging tests and who interprets them?
- Types of imaging tests
- Computed tomography scan
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Radiographic studies (regular x-rays and contrast studies)
- Nuclear scans
- Categories of some common imaging tests
- General questions and comments on radiation risk
- Factors that determine which imaging tests are used in different types of cancer
- To learn more
American College of Radiology/Radiological Society of North America. RadiologyInfo. Accessed at www.radiologyinfo.org on December 13, 2012.
American College of Radiology/Radiological Society of North America. Patient Safety: Radiation Dose. Accessed at www.radiologyinfo.org/en/safety/index.cfm?pg=sfty_xray on January 10, 2013.
Fenton JJ, Taplin SH, Carney PA, et al. Influence of computer-aided detection on performance of screening mammography. N Engl J Med. 2007;356:1399-1409.
Hricak H, Akin O, Bradbury MS, et al. Advanced imaging methods: Functional and metabolic imaging. In: DeVita VT, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, eds. Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005:589-720.
Kleinerman RA. Cancer risks following diagnostic and therapeutic radiation exposure in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2006;36 Suppl 2:121-125.
Levin B, Lieberman DA, McFarland B, et al. Screening and Surveillance for the Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer and Adenomatous Polyps, 2008: A Joint Guideline from the American Cancer Society, the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer, and the American College of Radiology. CA Cancer J Clin. 2008;58:130-160.
Little JB, Grdina DJ. Ionizing radiation. In: Kufe DW, Bast RC, Hait WN, et al, eds. Cancer Medicine. 7th ed. Hamilton, Ontario: BC Decker; 2006:270-282.
Nguyen PK, Wu JC. Radiation exposure from imaging tests: is there an increased cancer risk? Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2011;9(2):177-183.
Pisano E, Gatsonis C, Hendrick E, et al. Diagnostic Performance of Digital Versus Film Mammography for Breast Cancer Screening - The Results of the American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) Digital Mammographic Imaging Screening Trial (DMIST). N Engl J Med. 2005;353(17):1773-1783.
Smith-Bindman R, Lipson J, Marcus R, et al. Radiation Dose Associated With Common Computed Tomography Examinations and the Associated Lifetime Attributable Risk of Cancer. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169(22):2078-2086.
US Department of Energy. Radiation in Perspective. Accessed at www.hss.energy.gov/HealthSafety/WSHP/radiation/Radiation-final-6-20.pdf on January 10, 2013.
US Food and Drug Administration. Reducing Radiation from Medical X-rays. Accessed at www.fda.gov/downloads/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm095824.pdf on January 10, 2013.
Last Medical Review: 01/11/2013
Last Revised: 08/09/2013