Alberg AJ, Brock MV, Stuart JM. Epidemiology of lung cancer: Looking to the future. J Clin Oncol. 2005;23:3175–3185.
The Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta Carotene Cancer Prevention Study Group. The effect of vitamin E and beta carotene on the incidence of lung cancer and other cancers in male smokers. N Engl J Med. 1994;330:1029-1035.
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2016. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2016.
American Cancer Society. Cancer Prevention & Early Detection Facts & Figures 2015-2016. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2015.
American Cancer Society. Cancer Treatment & Survivorship Facts & Figures 2014-2015. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2015.
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures for African Americans 2013-2014. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2013.
American Joint Committee on Cancer. Lung. AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 2010:253–266.
Amos CI, Pinney SM, Li Y, et al. A susceptibility locus on chromosome 6q greatly increases lung cancer risk among light and never smokers. Cancer Res. 2010;70:2359–2367.
Berthiller J, Straif K, Boniol M, et al. Cannabis smoking and risk of lung cancer in men: A pooled analysis of three studies in Maghreb. J Thorac Oncol. 2008;3:1398-1403.
Caporaso N, Dodd KW, Tucker MA. New Malignancies Following Cancer of the Respiratory Tract. In: Curtis RE, Freedman DM, Ron E, Ries LAG, Hacker DG, Edwards BK, Tucker MA, Fraumeni JF Jr. (eds). New Malignancies Among Cancer Survivors: SEER Cancer Registries, 1973-2000. National Cancer Institute. NIH Publ. No. 05-5302. Bethesda, MD, 2006. Accessed on 4/18/2014 at http://seer.cancer.gov/archive/publications/mpmono/MPMonograph_complete.pdf.
Ciuleanu T, Brodowicz T, Zielinski C, et al. Maintenance pemetrexed plus best supportive care versus placebo plus best supportive care for non-small-cell lung cancer: A randomised, double-blind, phase 3 study. Lancet. 2009;374:1432−1440.
Cohen AJ, Ross Anderson H, Ostro B, et al. The global burden of disease due to outdoor air pollution. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2005;68:1301–1307.
Detterbeck FC, Decker RH, Tanoue L, Lilenbaum RC. Chapter 41: Non-small cell lung cancer. In: DeVita VT, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA, eds. DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg’s Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015.
Groome PA, Bolejack V, Crowley JJ, et al. The IASLC Lung Cancer Staging Project: Validation of the proposals for revision of the T, N, and M descriptors and consequent stage groupings in the forthcoming (seventh) edition of the TNM classification of malignant tumours. J Thorac Oncol. 2007;2:694–705.
Hashibe M, Morgenstern H, Cui Y, et al. Marijuana use and the risk of lung and upper aerodigestive tract cancers: Results of a population-based case-control study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006;15:1829-1834.
Horn L, Eisenberg R, Gius D, et al. Cancer of the lung: Non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. In: Niederhuber JE, Armitage JO, Doroshow JH, Kastan MB, Tepper JE, eds. Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier; 2014:1143–1192.
Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, et al (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2012, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/, based on November 2014 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2015.
Kaufman EL, Jacobson JS, Hershman DL, et al. Effect of breast cancer radiotherapy and cigarette smoking on risk of second primary lung cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2008;26:392–398.
Kwak EL, Bang Y, Camidge DR, et al. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibition in non-small cell lung cancer. New Engl J Med. 2010;363:1693–1703.
Kushi LH, Doyle C, McCullough M, et al. American Cancer Society Guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: Reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity. CA Cancer J Clin. 2012;62:30-67.
Leong S, Ju H, Marshall H, et al. Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy: A descriptive analysis. J Thorac Dis. 2012;4:173-185.
Moir D, Rickert WS, Levasseur G, et al. A comparison of mainstream and sidestream marijuana and tobacco cigarette smoke produced under two machine smoking conditions. Chem Res Toxicol. 2008; 21 : 494-502.
National Cancer Institute. Physician Data Query (PDQ). Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment. 2015. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/types/lung/hp/non-small-cell-lung-treatment-pdq on November 25, 2015.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. V.2.2016. Accessed at www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/PDF/nscl.pdf on November 25, 2015.
National Lung Screening Trial Research Team, Aberle DR, Adams AM, Berg CD, et al. Reduced lung-cancer mortality with low-dose computed tomographic screening. N Engl J Med. 2011;365:395–409.
Obedian E, Fischer DB, Haffty BG. Second malignancies after treatment of early-stage breast cancer: Lumpectomy and radiation therapy versus mastectomy. J Clin Oncol. 2000;18:2406–2412.
Omenn GS, Goodman GE, Thornquist et al. Risk factors for lung cancer and for intervention effects in CARET, the Beta-Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1996;88:1550-1559.
Parsons A, Daley A, Begh R, Aveyard P. Influence of smoking cessation after diagnosis of early stage lung cancer on prognosis: Systematic review of observational studies with meta-analysis. BMJ. 2010;340:b5569.
Pinsky PF, Church TR, Izmirlian G, Kramer BS. The National Lung Screening Trial: Results stratified by demographics, smoking history, and lung cancer histology. Cancer. 2013;119:3976-3983.
Posther KE, Harpole DH. The surgical management of lung cancer. Cancer Investigation. 2006;24:56–67.
Quoix E, Ramlau R, Westeel V, et al. Therapeutic vaccination with TG4010 and first-line chemotherapy in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: A controlled phase 2B trial. Lancet Oncol. 2011;12:1125–1133.
Rock CL, Doyle C, Demark-Wahnefried W, et al. Nutrition and physical activity guidelines for cancer survivors. CA Cancer J Clin. 2012;62: 242–274.
Schottenfeld D. The etiology and epidemiology of lung cancer. In: Pass HI, Carbone DP, Johnson DH, Minna JD, Scagliotti GV, Turrisi AT, eds. Principles and Practice of Lung Cancer. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2010:3–22.
Sequist LV, Yang JC, Yamamoto N, et al. Phase III study of afatinib or cisplatin plus pemetrexed in patients with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR mutations. J Clin Oncol. 2013;31:3327-3334.
Topalian SL, Hodi FS, Brahmer JR, et al. Safety, activity, and immune correlates of anti-PD-1 antibody in cancer. N Engl J Med. 2012;366:2443–2454.
Travis WD, Brambilla E, Noguchi M, et al. International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society international multidisciplinary classification of lung adenocarcinoma. J Thorac Oncol. 2011;6:244–285.
US Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking – 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. 2014. Accessed at www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/full-report.pdf on July 9, 2014.
Wender R, Fontham E, Barrera E, et al. American Cancer Society lung cancer screening guidelines. CA Cancer J Clin. 2013;63:106–117.
Wozniak AJ, Gadgeel SM. Clinical presentation of non-small cell carcinoma of the lung. In: Pass HI, Carbone DP, Johnson DH, Minna JD, Scagliotti GV, Turrisi AT, eds. Principles and Practice of Lung Cancer. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2010:327–340.
Zhou W, Heist RS, Liu G, et al. Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels predict survival in early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer patients. J Clin Oncol. 2007;25:479–485.