American Academy of Pediatrics. Timing of elective surgery on the genitalia of male children with particular reference to the risks, benefits, and psychological effects of surgery and anesthesia. Pediatrics. 1996;97:590-594.
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2016. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2016.
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2017. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2017.
American Joint Committee on Cancer. Testis. In: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer; 2010:469-473.
Honecker F, Wermann H, Mayer F, et al. Microsatellite instability, mismatch repair deficiency and BRAF mutation in treatment resistant germ cell tumors. J Clin Oncol. 2009;27:2129-2136.
Horwich A, Shipley J, Huddart R. Testicular germ-cell cancer. Lancet. 2006;367:754-765.
Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, et al (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2011, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2011/, based on November 2013 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER web site, April 2014.
Kanetsky P, Mitra N, Vardhanabhuti S, et al. Common variation in KITLG and at 5q31.3 predisposes to testicular germ cell cancer. Nat Genet. 2009;41:811-815.
National Cancer Institute. Physician Data Query (PDQ). Testicular Cancer Treatment. 7/11/2014. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/testicular/HealthProfessional on January 15, 2015.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Testicular Cancer. Version 1.2015. Accessed at www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/testicular.pdf on December 9, 2015.
Olofsson SE, Tandstad T, Jerkeman M, et al. Population-based study of treatment guided by tumor marker decline in patients with metastatic nonseminomatous germ cell tumor: A report from the Swedish-Norwegian Testicular Cancer Group. J Clin Oncol. 2011;29:2032-2039.
Pagliaro LC, Logothetis CJ. Cancer of the testis. In: DeVita VT, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA, eds. DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg’s Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 10th edition. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015:988-1004.
Ryan CJ, Small EJ, Torti FM. Testicular cancer. In: Abeloff MD, Armitage JO, Niederhuber JE. Kastan MB, McKenna WG, eds. Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier; 2008:1713-1744.
Skolarus TA, Bhayani SB, Chiang HC, et al. Laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for low-stage testicular cancer. J Endourol. 2008;22:1485-1489.
Turnbull C, Rapley EA, Seal S, et al; UK Testicular Cancer Collaboration. Variants near DMRT1, TERT and ATF7IP are associated with testicular germ cell cancer. Nat Genet. 2010;42:604-607.