Treating Anal Cancer

After the cancer is found and staged, your cancer care team will talk with you about treatment options. A key goal of treatment is to save the muscles of the anal sphincter so you can control your bowels and stool so your overall quality of life is not affected.

Your treatment options depend on many factors. The location, type, and the stage (extent of spread) of the tumor are important. In choosing your treatment plan, you and your cancer care team will also take into account your age, your overall health, and your personal preferences.

The treatment information given here is not official policy of the American Cancer Society and is not intended as medical advice to replace the expertise and judgment of your cancer care team. It is intended to help you and your family make informed decisions, together with your doctor. Your doctor may have reasons for suggesting a treatment plan different from these general treatment options. Don't hesitate to ask your cancer care team any questions you may have about your treatment options.