References: Colorectal Cancer Prevention and Early Detection
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2016. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2016.
American Cancer Society. Colorectal Cancer Facts & Figures 2014-2016. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society; 2014.
American Cancer Society. Detailed Guide: Colon and Rectum Cancer. 2016. Accessed at www.cancer.org/cancer/colon-rectal-cancer.html/DetailedGuide/index.
Aune D, Chan DS, Lau R, et al. Dietary fibre, whole grains, and risk of colorectal cancer: Systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. BMJ. 2011;343:d6617.
Frazier AL, Colditz GA, Fuchs CS, Kuntz KM. Cost-effectiveness of screening for colorectal cancer in the general population. JAMA. 2000;284:1954-1961.
Hawk ET, Levin B. Colorectal cancer prevention. J Clin Oncol. 2005;23:378-388.
Hendriks YM, deJong AE, Morreau H, et al. Diagnostic approach and management of Lynch syndrome (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma): A guide for clinicians. CA Cancer J Clin. 2006;56:213-225.
Kelloff GJ, Schilsky RL, Alberts DS, et al. Colorectal adenomas: A prototype for the use of surrogate end points in the development of cancer prevention drugs. Clin Cancer Res. 2004;10:3908-3918.
Kushi LH, Doyle C, McCullough M, et al. American Cancer Society Guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: Reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity. CA Cancer J Clin. 2012;62:30-67.
Levin B, Lieberman DA, McFarland, et al. Screening and surveillance for the early detection of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps, 2008: A joint guideline from the American Cancer Society, the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer, and the American College of Radiology. CA Cancer J Clin. 2008;58:130-160.
National Cancer Institute. Physician Data Query (PDQ). Colorectal Cancer Screening. 2015. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/types/colorectal/hp/colorectal-screening-pdq on October 7, 2015.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Colorectal. V.1.2015. Accessed at www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/genetics_colon.pdf on October 5, 2015.
Medicare.gov. Your Medicare Coverage: Colorectal Cancer Screening. Accessed at www.medicare.gov/coverage/colorectal-cancer-screenings.html on October 7, 2015.
Rex DK, Kaho CJ, Levin B, et al. Guidelines for colonoscopy surveillance after cancer resection: A consensus update by the American Cancer Society and US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer. CA Cancer J Clin. 2006;56:160-167.
Winawer, SJ, Zauber AG, Fletcher RH, et al. Guidelines for colonoscopy surveillance after polypectomy: A consensus update by the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer and the American Cancer Society. CA Cancer J Clin. 2006;56:143-159.
Last Medical Review: January 27, 2016 Last Revised: June 24, 2016
- What Is Colorectal Cancer?
- Importance of Colorectal Cancer Screening
- Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors
- Can Colorectal Cancer Be Prevented?
- Genetic Testing, Screening, and Prevention for People with a Strong Family History of Colorectal Cancer
- Colorectal Cancer Screening Tests
- American Cancer Society Recommendations for Colorectal Cancer Early Detection
- Colorectal Cancer Screening: Insurance Coverage
- Additional resources
- References: Colorectal Cancer Prevention and Early Detection