Surgery is sometimes used to remove single plasmacytomas, but it’s rarely used to treat multiple myeloma. When spinal cord compression causes paralysis, severe muscle weakness, or numbness, emergency surgery may be needed. Surgery to attach metal rods or plates can help support weakened bones and may be needed to prevent or treat fractures.
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Munshi NC, Anderson KC. Ch. 112 Plasma cell neoplasms. In: DeVita VT, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, eds. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 10th edition. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015.
Rajkumar SV, Dispenzieri A. Multiple myeloma and related disorders. In: Niederhuber JE, Armitage JO, Doroshow JH, Kastan MB, Tepper JE. Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology. 5th edition. Philadelphia, PA. Elsevier: 2014:1991-2017.
Last Revised: February 28, 2018