Can Eye Cancer Be Found Early?

Eye cancer is uncommon, and there are no widely recommended screening tests for this cancer in people at average risk. (Screening is testing for a disease like cancer in people without any symptoms.) Still, some eye cancers can be found early.

Some doctors may recommend yearly eye exams for those at higher risk of eye melanoma, such as people with dysplastic nevus syndrome or BAP1 cancer syndrome . Regular eye exams are an important part of everyone’s health care, even if they have no symptoms. Often melanomas of the eye are found during a routine eye exam. When the doctor looks through the pupil at the back of the eye, he or she may see a dark spot that might be an early melanoma.

Many doctors feel that most melanomas start from a nevus (mole), which is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor of pigment cells. If an eye nevus is present, it should be looked at regularly by an ophthalmologist (a doctor who specializes in eye diseases). People who notice a dark spot on the colored part of their eye (the iris) should have a doctor look at it, especially if it is getting bigger.

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Last Medical Review: November 30, 2018 Last Revised: November 30, 2018

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