What Happens After Treatment for Neuroblastoma?

Many children with neuroblastoma have a good chance of long-term survival following treatment.

After treatment for neuroblastoma, the main concerns for most families are the short- and long-term effects of the tumor and its treatment, and concerns about the tumor coming back.

It is certainly normal to want to put the tumor and its treatment behind you and to get back to a life that doesn’t revolve around cancer. But it’s important to realize that follow-up care is a central part of this process that offers your child the best chance for recovery and long-term survival.

Follow-up exams and tests

After treatment, the doctor will likely order follow-up tests, which may include lab tests and imaging tests (MIBG scans, PET scans, ultrasound, CT scans, and/or MRI scans) to see if there is any tumor remaining. The tests done will depend on the risk group, the size and location of the tumor, and other factors.

Because there is a chance that the cancer might return after treatment, it is very important to keep all follow-up appointments and to report any new symptoms to your child’s doctor right away. The health care team will discuss a follow-up schedule with you, including which tests should be done and how often. Doctor visits, lab tests, and imaging tests to look for signs of recurrence are done more often at first. If nothing abnormal is found, the time between tests can then be extended.

A benefit of follow-up care is that it gives you a chance to discuss any questions and concerns that arise during and after your child’s recovery. For example, almost any cancer treatment can have side effects. Some might last for only a short time, but others can last longer or might not show up until months or even years later. It’s important to report any new symptoms to the doctor right away so that the cause can be found and treated, if needed.

It is also important to keep health insurance coverage. Tests and doctor visits cost a lot, and even though no one wants to think of the cancer coming back, this could happen.

The American Cancer Society medical and editorial content team
Our team is made up of doctors and master's-prepared nurses with deep knowledge of cancer care as well as journalists, editors, and translators with extensive experience in medical writing.

Last Medical Review: March 14, 2014 Last Revised: January 22, 2016

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