Survival Rates for Penile Cancer

Survival rates are a way for doctors and patients to get a general idea of the outlook for people with a certain type and stage of cancer. Some people want to know the statistics for people like them, while others may not find them helpful, or may even not want to know them.

When discussing cancer survival statistics, doctors often use the 5-year survival rate. The 5-year survival rate is the percentage of patients who live at least 5 years after their cancer is diagnosed. Of course, many of these patients live much longer than 5 years.

Relative survival rates compare the survival of people with the cancer to the survival of similar people without the cancer. Since some people will die of causes other than cancer, this is a better way to see the impact of cancer on survival.

To get 5-year penile cancer survival rates, doctors have to look at men who were treated at least 5 years ago. Improvements in treatment since then probably means a better outlook for men diagnosed with penile cancer today.

Survival rates are typically based on previous outcomes of large numbers of people who had the disease, but they can’t predict what will happen in any man’s case. Many other factors may affect a man’s outlook, such as their age and overall health, and how well the cancer responds to treatment. Your doctor knows your situation best and can tell you how the numbers below might apply to you.

The rates here are based on the stage of the cancer when it's first diagnosed. When looking at survival rates, it’s important to understand that the stage of a cancer does not change over time, even if the cancer progresses. A cancer that comes back or spreads is still referred to by the stage it was given when it was first found and diagnosed, but more information is added to explain the current extent of the cancer. (And of course, the treatment plan is adjusted based on the change in cancer status.)

Because penile cancer is not common, it's hard to find accurate survival rates based on the TNM stage of the cancer. The numbers below come from the National Cancer Institute’s SEER database, looking at more than 1,000 men diagnosed with penile cancer between 1988 and 2001.

  • For cancers that are still confined to the penis (like stage I and II cancers), the 5-year relative survival rate is around 85%.
  • If the cancer has spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes (like stage III and some stage IV cancers), the 5-year relative survival rate is around 59%.
  • If the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, the 5-year relative survival rate is about 11%.

The American Cancer Society medical and editorial content team

Our team is made up of doctors and oncology certified nurses with deep knowledge of cancer care as well as journalists, editors, and translators with extensive experience in medical writing.

Last Medical Review: June 25, 2018 Last Revised: June 25, 2018

American Cancer Society medical information is copyrighted material. For reprint requests, please see our Content Usage Policy.