A new report from the American Cancer Society details the rates of new cancer cases and the rates of cancer deaths among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders (AANHPIs). The rates vary widely among this population, mostly because of significant differences in exposure to cancer risk factors. The report is published in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians and also as a Special Section in Cancer Facts & Figures 2016.
Asian American refers to people with origins in the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent. This group includes, but is not limited to, Asian Indians, Cambodians, Chinese, Filipinos, Hmong, Japanese, Koreans, Pakistanis, and Vietnamese. Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander refers to people with origins in Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.
The report estimates there will be 57,740 new cancer cases and 16,910 cancer deaths among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders in 2016. Among men, the 3 leading causes of cancer death are lung, liver, and colorectal. Among women, they are lung, breast, and colorectal. The most commonly diagnosed cancers among men are prostate, lung, and colorectal. Among women, the most commonly diagnosed cancers are breast, thyroid, and lung.
According to the report, lung cancer rates in Samoan men are about 30% higher than those in Hawaiian, non-Hispanic white and Laotian men and almost 80% higher than in Asian Indian/Pakistani men because of differences in smoking. For liver cancer, rates in Laotian and Vietnamese men are 2 to 4 times higher than those in Chinese, Korean, and Filipino men and almost 10 times higher than Asian Indian and Pakistani men, who have the lowest rates.
“The variations we see in cancer rates in AANHPIs are related to risk factors, including lifestyle factors, use of screening and preventive services, and exposure to cancer-causing infections,” said Lindsey Torre, co-author of the report. “Cancer-control strategies among this population include improved use of vaccination and screening; interventions to increase physical activity and reduce excess body weight, tobacco use, and alcohol consumption; and research to get a more detailed understanding of differences in the cancer burden and risk factors between subgroups.”
Key findings from the report include:
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Cancer Facts & Figures 2016. Published January 14, 2016. American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Ga.
Cancer statistics for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders, 2016: Converging incidence in males and females. Published early online January 14, 2016 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. First author Lindsey Torre, MSPH, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Ga.
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